وَقَالَ ٱلْإِنسَٰنُ مَا لَهَا

  And man says, “What has happened to it?”

Tafsir al-Tabari                                                             تفسیر الطبری                                

{وَقَالَ الْإِنْسَانُ مَا لَهَا} [الزلزلة: 3] ۔۔۔لَقِيَامِ السَّاعَةِ: مَا لِلْأَرْضِ وَمَا قِصَّتُهَا

The man will say, “What happened to it?”  about the doomsday, i.e. what has befallen the earth?

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، {وَقَالَ الْإِنْسَانُ مَا لَهَا} [الزلزلة: 3] قَالَ: «الْكَافِرُ»

Sayyiduna Ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have commented on the verse:  i.e. the infidels will say that.

Tafsir Al-Tabari (Tafsir Ibn Jareer / Jame’ al-Bayaan fi Taweel al-Quraan) of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabri t D. 310 A.H.

Tafsir al-Matureedi                                            تفسیر الماتریدی                                

وَقَالَ الْإِنْسَانُ مَا لَهَا أي: قال الكافر: ما لها تتحرك

i.e. the infidels will say, “What has happened to it that it is shaking?”

Tafsir al-Matureedi (Taweel Ahl al-Sunnah) of Imam Abu Mansoor Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Matureedi t D. 333 A.H.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

إِنَّ الْمُرَادَ بِالْإِنْسَانِ الْكُفَّارُ خَاصَّةً، جَعَلَهَا زَلْزَلَةَ الْقِيَامَةِ، لِأَنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ مُعْتَرِفٌ بِهَا، فَهُوَ لَا يَسْأَلُ عَنْهَا، وَالْكَافِرُ جَاحِدٌ لَهَا، فَلِذَلِكَ يَسْأَلُ عَنْهَا.

i.e. especially the infidels amongst people will say such about the quakes on the doomsday, for the believers will already acknowledge it and will not question about it while the infidels who do not believe in it, will therefore question in disbelief.

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین                                                

{وَقَالَ الْإِنْسَان} الْكَافِر بِالْبَعْثِ {مَا لَهَا} إِنْكَارًا لتلك الحالة

i.e. the infidels will question the Day of Resurrection disbelieving the situation at hand in denial.

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

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