إِذَا زُلْزِلَتِ ٱلْأَرْضُ زِلْزَالَهَا

  When the earth is shaken with its appointed tremor.

Tafsir al-Matureedi                                            تفسیر الماتریدی                                

أخبرهم عن أحوال يوم القيامة والحساب، ولم يخبرهم عن وقتها

Allah Almighty informed the people about the situation on the Day of Resurrection and the proceedings of Judgment but He did not reveal its exact time.

(إِذَا زُلْزِلَتِ الْأَرْضُ زِلْزَالَهَا)، أي: حركت الأرض تحريكا شديدًا؛ لهول ذلك اليوم

Meaning of the verse:  i.e. when the earth will tremble severely due to the terror of that Day.

Tafsir al-Matureedi (Taweel Ahl al-Sunnah) of Imam Abu Mansoor Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Matureedi t D. 333 A.H.

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی                                                    

وَرُوِيَ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: (مَنْ قَرَأَ إِذَا زُلْزِلَتْ أَرْبَعَ مَرَّاتٍ، كَانَ كَمَنْ قَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ كُلَّهُ).

Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – reported:  The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated, “Whoever recites Surah Al-Zalzalah four times, he will be like the one who has recited the entire Quran.”

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

Tafsir al-Nasafi                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر النسفی                                 

{إذا زلزلت الأرض زلزالها} اى حركت زلزالها الشديد الذي ليس بعده زلزال

i.e. the earth will tremor so terribly that there will be no quakes after that.

Tafsir al-Nasafi (Madarik al-Tanzeel) of Imam Abul Barakaat Abdullah ibn Ahmed al-Nasafi t D. 710 A.H.

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین                                                

{إِذَا زُلْزِلَتْ الْأَرْض} حُرِّكَتْ لِقِيَامِ السَّاعَة {زِلْزَالهَا} تَحْرِيكهَا الشَّدِيد الْمُنَاسِب لِعَظَمَتِهَا

i.e. when earth is shaken, it is rocked for the rising of the Hour, with its quake, with its most violent rocking, one that befits its magnitude.

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor                                                                              تفسیر الدر المنثور                                         

وَأخرج أَحْمد وَأَبُو دَاوُد وَالنَّسَائِيّ وَالْحَاكِم وَصَححهُ وَابْن مرْدَوَيْه وَالْبَيْهَقِيّ فِي شعب الإِيمان عَن عبد الله بن عَمْرو قَالَ: أَتَى رجل رَسُول الله صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم فَقَالَ: اقرئني يَا رَسُول الله قَالَ لَهُ: اقْرَأ ثَلَاثًا من ذَوَات الرَّاء فَقَالَ لَهُ الرجل: كبر سني وَاشْتَدَّ قلبِي وَغلظ لساني

قَالَ: اقْرَأ ثَلَاثًا من ذَوَات حم

فَقَالَ مثل مقَالَته الأولى فَقَالَ: اقْرَأ ثَلَاثًا من المسبحات

فَقَالَ مثل مقَالَته وَلَكِن اقرئني يَا رَسُول الله سُورَة جَامِعَ فَأَقْرَأهُ {إِذا زلزلت الأَرْض زِلْزَالهَا} حَتَّى فرغ مِنْهَا

قَالَ الرجل: وَالَّذي بَعثك بِالْحَقِّ لَا أَزِيد عَلَيْهَا ثمَّ أدبر فَقَالَ رَسُول الله صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم: أَفْلح الرويجل أَفْلح الرويجل

Imam Ahmed, Abu Dawood, Nasa’i and Hakim mentioned the Hadeeth with authentic chain, and Ibn Mardawaih, Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Iman from Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr the report:  A man visited the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and said to him, “Please teach me, O the Messenger of Allah.”  So he said, “Read three from الٓمٓرٓ.”  Then the man said to him, “I have grown old and my heart has become stiff and my tongue has become rude.”  He said (to the man), “Read three from حٓمٓ.”  So the man repeated what he had said earlier on, and added, “O Allah’s Messenger, rather teach me a complete Surah.”  So he taught him Surah Al-Zalzalah thoroughly.

The man said afterwards, “I swear by the One who has appointed you on truth, I will not increase anything in it.”  He then left.  The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – said, “The man has attained success.  The man has attained success.”

وَأخرج ابْن مرْدَوَيْه عَن أبي هُرَيْرَة سَمِعت رَسُول الله صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم يَقُول: من قَرَأَ فِي لَيْلَة {إِذا زلزلت} كَانَ لَهُ عدل نصف الْقُرْآن

Sayyiduna Ibn Mardawaih reported from Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him:  I heard the Messenger of Allah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – saying, “Whoever recites Surah Al-Zalzalah during the night it (his reward) will be equivalent to one half of the Holy Quran.”

وَأخرج سعيد بن مَنْصُور عَن سعيد بن الْمسيب أَن رَسُول الله صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم صلى بِأَصْحَابِهِ الْفجْر فَقَرَأَ بهم فِي الرَّكْعَة الأولى {إِذا زلزلت الأَرْض} ثمَّ أَعَادَهَا فِي الثَّانِيَة

Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn Mansoor reported from Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyib – may Allah be pleased with them – that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – prayed Fajr with his companions and recited Surah Al-Zalzalah in the first Rak’at and then repeated it in the second Rak’at as well.

وَأخرج أَحْمد وَمُحَمّد بن نصر وَالطَّبَرَانِيّ وَالْبَيْهَقِيّ فِي سنَنه عَن أبي امامة أَن النَّبِي صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم كَانَ يُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ بعد الْوتر وَهُوَ جَالس يقْرَأ فيهمَا {إِذا زلزلت} و (قل يَا أَيهَا الْكَافِرُونَ)

Sayyiduna Ahmed, Muhammad ibn Nasr, Tabarani and Bayhaqi reported from Sayyiduna Umamah – may Allah be pleased with them: The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – used to perform two Rak’ats Salah after Witr whilst sitting and he would recite Surah Al-Zalzalah and Surah Al-Kafiroon in it.

Tafsir Al-Durr al-Manthoor Bi al-Tafsir al-Mathoor of Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

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