Download PDF: S108 V002 Tafseer of Ahlus Sunnah تفسیر اھل السنۃ

فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّکَ وَ انْحَرْ ؕ﴿۲﴾

Therefore, pray to your Lord, and offer sacrifice.

Tafsir al-Tabari                                                             تفسیر الطبری

اخْتَلَفَ أَهْلُ التَّأْوِيلِ فِي الصَّلَاةِ الَّتِي أَمَرَ اللَّهُ نَبِيَّهُ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَهَا بِهَذَا الْخَطَّابِ، وَمَعْنَى قَوْلِهِ: {وَانْحَرْ} [الكوثر: 2] فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ: حَضَّهُ عَلَى الْمُوَاظَبَةِ عَلَى الصَّلَاةِ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ، وَعَلَى الْحِفْظِ عَلَيْهَا فِي أَوْقَاتِهَا

The exegetists about the Salah in the command of Allah to His Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – that he should pray Salah.

The objective of the command “and offer sacrifice”, some have urged towards the view of being constant on Fard Salah and to preserve its punctuality at its times.

 

عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ: «كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَنْحَرُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ، فَأُمِرَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ ثُمَّ يَنْحَرَ»

Sayyiduna Anas ibn Malik – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said:  The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – used to offer sacrifice (Qurbani) before (Eid al-Adha) Salah, so Allah Almighty commanded him pray the Salah first and then slaughter the Qurbani.

 

عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ: «فَصَلِّ الصَّلَاةَ، وَانْحَرِ النُّسُكَ»

Sayyiduna ‘Ikramah – may Allah be pleased with him – interpreted it as: Therefore pray Salah and offer Qurbani.

 

عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ كَعْبٍ الْقُرَظِيِّ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ فِي هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ: {إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ} [الكوثر: 2] يَقُولُ: إِنَّ نَاسًا كَانُوا يُصَلُّونَ لِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ، وَيَنْحَرُونَ لِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ، فَإِذَا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ، فَلَا تَكُنْ صَلَاتُكَ وَنَحْرُكَ إِلَّا لِي

Sayyiduna Muhammad ibn Ka’b al-Qurazi – may Allah be pleased with him – used to say about this verse:  There were a people who prayed to others than Allah and offer sacrifices to others than Allah (The interpretation would be) i.e. So when We (Allah) has bestowed upon you abundance of good then O Muhammad, pray your Salah only to Me and offer sacrifice for My sake alone.

 

عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ: كَانَتْ هَذِهِ الْآيَةُ، يَعْنِي قَوْلَهُ: {فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ} [الكوثر: 2] يَوْمَ الْحُدَيْبِيَةِ، أَتَاهُ جِبْرِيلُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ فَقَالَ: انْحَرْ وَارْجِعْ، فَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَخَطَبَ خُطْبَةَ الْفِطْرِ وَالنَّحْرِ، ثُمَّ رَكَعَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ،  ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ إِلَى الْبُدْنِ فَنَحَرَهَا

Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn Jubair – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have commented:  This verse was revealed on the Day of Hudaibiyah.  Sayyiduna Jibreel – peace be upon him – came to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – and said, “Offer sacrifice and go back.”  So the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – stood and delived the sermon of Fitr and Qurbani, then prayed two Rak’ats Salah and then return to the goat and slaughtered her.

 

Tafsir Al-Tabari (Tafsir Ibn Jareer / Jame’ al-Bayaan fi Taweel al-Quraan) of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabri t D. 310 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Nasafi                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر النسفی

{فَصَلّ لِرَبّكَ} فاعبد ربك الذي أعزك بإعطائه وشرفك وصانك من منن الخلق مراغماً لقومك الذين يعبدون غير الله {وانحر} لوجهه وباسمه إذا نحرت مخالفاً لعبدة الأوثان في النحر لها

Worship the Lord who has exalted you by bestowing upon you honour, saved you from anybody’s favours, disgraced your nation that worship others than Allah.  “And offer sacrifice” i.e. for the sake of Allah and in His name, to oppose the idol-worshippers and their deeds of sacrificing for the idols.

 

Tafsir al-Nasafi (Madarik al-Tanzeel) of Imam Abul Barakaat Abdullah ibn Ahmed al-Nasafi t D. 710 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین

{فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّك} صَلَاة عِيد النَّحْر {وَانْحَرْ} نُسُكك

i.e. pray to your Lord the Salah of Eid al-Adha and offer your Qurbani (to him).

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

 

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan                                                                                              تفسیر روح البیان

الصلاة لربك الذي أفاض عليك هذه النعمة الجليلة التي لا تضاهيها نعمة خالصا لوجهه ۔۔۔فيها أداء لحقوق شكرها فان الصلاة جامعة لجميع اقسام الشكر وهى ثلاثة الشكر بالقلب وهو أن يعلم ان تلك النعم منه لا من عيره والشكر باللسان وهو أن بمدح المنعم ويثنى عليه والشكر بالجوارح وهو ان يخدمه ويتواضع له والصلاة جامعة لهذه الاقسام وانحر البدن التي هى خيار اموال العرب بأسمه تعالى

وتصدق على المحاويج خلافا لمن يدعهم وبمنع منهم الماعون فالسورة كالمقابلة للسورة المتقدمة

i.e. pray Salah for your Lord, purely for his sake, who has bestowed upon you great bounties that nothing can be compared to it.  It will be a form of gratitude to Him, for the Salah encompasses all forms of gratefulness:

  1. a) Being grateful in one’s heart i.e. acknowledging in the heart that all the bounties are from Allah alone and no one else.
  2. b) Being grateful verbally i.e. to praise Allah Almighty upon it who is the provider.
  3. c) Being grateful physically i.e. to show appreciation with the humility of limbs in His Court.

Salah encompasses all.

“And offer sacrifice” i.e. sacrifice the assets that are the primary to Arabs in the name of Allah Almighty and give it to the needy as charity, opposing the ones who chase them away, as described in Surah Al-Ma’oon, so this Surah is contrary to the previous one.

 

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan of Imam Isma’eel Haqqi ibn Mustafa al-Istanbuli Hanafi t D. 1127 A.H.

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