Download PDF:  S107 V006 Tafseer of Ahlus Sunnah تفسیر اھل السنۃ

الَّذِیۡنَ ہُمْ یُرَآءُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۶﴾

Those who make a Show of it.

 

Tafsir al-Tabari                                                             تفسیر الطبری

الَّذِينَ هُمْ يُرَاءُونَ النَّاسَ بِصَلَاتِهِمْ إِذَا صَلُّوا، لِأَنَّهُمْ لَا يُصَلُّونَ رَغْبَةً فِي ثَوَابٍ، وَلَا رَهْبَةً مِنْ عِقَابٍ، وَإِنَّمَا يُصَلُّونَهَا لَيَرَاهُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ فَيَظُنُّونَهُمْ مِنْهُمْ، فَيَكُفُّونَ عَنْ سَفْكِ دِمَائِهِمْ، وَسَبْيِ ذَرَارِيِّهِمْ، وَهُمُ الْمُنَافِقُونَ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، يَسْتَبْطِنُونَ الْكُفْرَ، وَيُظْهِرُونَ الْإِسْلَامَ

English translation.

They are the people who show off when they pray Salah, because they have no desire for reward, no fear of punishment, but they pray to be seen by the believers, so they may think good of them and spare their blood and their children’s.  They were the hypocrites in the time of the messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who internalized infidelity and showed Islam externally.

 

Tafsir Al-Tabari (Tafsir Ibn Jareer / Jame’ al-Bayaan fi Taweel al-Quraan) of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabri t D. 310 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Matureedi                                            تفسیر الماتریدی                                

وقال الحسن: هم المنافقون، يؤخرونها عن وقتها، ويراءون إذا صلوا.

Sayyiduna Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  They were the hypocrites who delayed their Salah from its time and showed off when they prayed Salah.

 

Tafsir al-Matureedi (Taweel Ahl al-Sunnah) of Imam Abu Mansoor Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Matureedi t D. 333 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                        تفسیر البغوی

وَقَالَ فِي وَصْفِ الْمُنَافِقِينَ: وَإِذَا قَامُوا إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ قَامُوا كُسَالَى يُرَاءُونَ النَّاسَ (النِّسَاءِ -142) .

Allah Almighty described the traits of hypocrites as follows:

اِنَّ الْمُنٰفِقِیۡنَ یُخٰدِعُوۡنَ اللہَ وَہُوَ خٰدِعُہُمْ ۚ وَ اِذَا قَامُوۡۤا اِلَی الصَّلٰوۃِ قَامُوۡا کُسَالٰی ۙ یُرَآءُوۡنَ النَّاسَ وَلَا یَذْکُرُوۡنَ اللہَ اِلَّا قَلِیۡلًا ﴿۱۴۲﴾۫ۙ

Undoubtedly, the hypocrites are likely to deceive Allah in their own conjecture and it is He who will kill them making them negligent, and when they stand up for prayer they stand up with a defeated soul (lazily) making a show to the people and remember not Allah but little.

(Al-Nisa 4, Verse 142)

 

وَقَالَ قَتَادَةُ: سَاهٍ عَنْهَا لَا يُبَالِي صَلَّى أَمْ لَمْ يُصَلِّ.

Sayyiduna Qatadah – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  They are heedless of it; whether they pray or don’t, it does not make a difference.

 

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Kabeer                                                                                                 التفسیر الکبیر

فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ الْفَرْقَ بَيْنَ الْمُنَافِقِ وَالْمُرَائِي أَنَّ الْمُنَافِقَ هُوَ الْمُظْهِرُ لِلْإِيمَانِ الْمُبْطِنُ لِلْكُفْرِ، وَالْمُرَائِي الْمُظْهِرُ مَا لَيْسَ فِي قَلْبِهِ مِنْ زِيَادَةِ خُشُوعٍ لِيَعْتَقِدَ فِيهِ مَنْ يَرَاهُ أَنَّهُ مُتَدَيِّنٌ

أَوْ تَقُولُ: الْمُنَافِقُ لَا يُصَلِّي سِرًّا وَالْمُرَائِي تَكُونُ صَلَاتُهُ عِنْدَ النَّاسِ أَحْسَنَ.

Know that the difference between a hypocrite and a pretender is that the hypocrite externally shows Iman with hidden infidelity while the pretender shows the sincerity which is not in his heart to make the on-looker believe that he is a religious person.

It can also be said that the hypocrite does not pray Salah in privacy while the pretender, his Salah appears to be good in people’s eyes.

 

اعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ يَجِبُ إِظْهَارُ الْفَرَائِضِ مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ وَالزَّكَاةِ لِأَنَّهَا شَعَائِرُ الْإِسْلَامِ وَتَارِكُهَا مُسْتَحِقٌّ لِلَّعْنِ فَيَجِبُ نَفْيُ التُّهْمَةِ بِالْإِظْهَارِ إِنَّمَا الْإِخْفَاءُ فِي النَّوَافِلِ إِلَّا أَظْهَرَ النَّوَافِلَ لِيُقْتَدَى بِهِ

Know that it is necessary to make the performance of Fard Salah and Zakah known, for they are the essentials of Islam, and the one who abandons them deserves bad repute.  Therefore, it is necessary to eliminate the reason due to which one may become victim of criticism, and it is achieved through making the action obvious.  There is no doubt that hiding applies to optional prayers unless it is done to motivate people towards it.

 

وَعَنْ بَعْضِهِمْ أَنَّهُ رَأَى فِي الْمَسْجِدِ رَجُلًا يَسْجُدُ لِلشُّكْرِ وَأَطَالَهَا، فَقَالَ: مَا أَحْسَنَ هَذَا لَوْ كَانَ فِي بَيْتِكَ! لَكِنَّ مَعَ هَذَا قَالُوا: لَا يَتْرُكُ النَّوَافِلَ حَيَاءً وَلَا يَأْتِي بِهَا رِيَاءً، وَقَلَّمَا يَتَيَسَّرُ اجْتِنَابُ الرِّيَاءِ،

It is narrated from some that someone saw a man making the Sajdah of Shukr in Masjid and he prolonged it.  He said, “It would be much better had you done it at home.”  But along with this, they also said, “One should not shy away from optional prayers when there is no pretense intended from it, although there are less chances of eliminating pretense.

 

وَلِهَذَا قَالَ عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ: «الرِّيَاءُ أَخْفَى مِنْ دَبِيبِ النَّمْلَةِ السَّوْدَاءِ في اللَّيْلَةِ الظَّلْمَاءِ عَلَى الْمَسْحِ الْأَسْوَدِ»

It is for this reason that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated: Pretense is even more deceitful than a black ant crawling on a black surface in a dark night.”

 

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i t D. 606 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Baidawi                                                                                                                      تفسیر البیضاوی

الَّذِينَ هُمْ يُراؤُنَ يرون الناس أعمالهم ليروهم الثناء عليهم.

I,e, they used to show people their actions so they may praise them over it.

 

Tafsir al-Baidawi (Anwaar al-Tanzeel wa Asraar al-Taweel) of Imam Qadhi Abdullah ibn Umar al-Shiraazi al-Baidawi t D. 685 A.H.

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