Download PDF:  S105 V001 Tafseer of Ahlus Sunnah تفسیر اھل السنۃ

فَجَعَلَهُمْ كَعَصْفٍ مَّأْكُولٍ ﴿٥﴾

So He made them like the leftover devoured leaves of farms?

 

Tafsir al-Tabari                                                             تفسیر الطبری

فَجَعَلَ اللَّهُ أَصْحَابَ الْفِيلِ كَزَرْعٍ أَكَلَتْهُ الدَّوَابُّ فَرَاثَتْهُ، فَيَبِسَ وَتَفَرَّقَتْ أَجْزَاؤُهُ

So, Allah Almighty made the people of elephant like the crops which was devoured by the predators, and then its dung dried and all its parts fell apart.

 

Tafsir Al-Tabari (Tafsir Ibn Jareer / Jame’ al-Bayaan fi Taweel al-Quraan) of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabri t D. 310 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی

وَقَالَ ابْنُ إِسْحَاقَ: لَمَّا رَدَّ اللَّهُ الْحَبَشَةَ عَنْ مَكَّةَ، عَظَّمَتِ الْعَرَبُ قُرَيْشًا وَقَالُوا: أَهْلُ اللَّهِ، قَاتَلَ عَنْهُمْ، وَكَفَاهُمْ مَئُونَةَ عَدُوِّهُمْ، فَكَانَ ذَلِكَ نِعْمَةٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِمْ.

Sayyiduna Ibn Ishaq – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  When Allah Almighty chased away the Abyssinians from Makkah Mukarramah, the Arabs honoured Quraish and said, “The people of Allah fought against them and Allah is Sufficient for them to overcome their enemy.  It was Allah’s favour upon them.”

 

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین

{فَجَعَلَهُمْ كَعَصْفٍ مَأْكُول} كَوَرَقِ زَرْع أَكَلَتْهُ الدَّوَابّ وَدَاسَتْهُ وَأَفْنَتْهُ أَيْ أَهْلَكَهُمْ اللَّه تَعَالَى كُلّ وَاحِد بِحَجَرِهِ الْمَكْتُوب عَلَيْهِ اِسْمه وَهُوَ أَكْبَر مِنْ الْعَدَسَة وَأَصْغَر مِنْ الْحِمِّصَة يَخْرِق الْبَيْضَة وَالرَّجُل وَالْفِيل وَيَصِل إِلَى الْأَرْض

وَكَانَ هَذَا عَام مولد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم

i.e. like the leaves of crops which have been devoured, trampled and destroyed by animals. Allah destroyed each one of them with His stone, which bore the inscription of its target’s name on it.  It was larger than a lentil but smaller than a chick-pea, able to pierce through an egg, a man, or an elephant and go through the ground.

This took place during the year in which the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was born.

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor                                                                              تفسیر الدر المنثور

وَأخرج عبد بن حميد وَالْبَيْهَقِيّ فِي الدَّلَائِل عَن ابْن أَبْزي قَالَ: ولد النَّبِي صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم عَام الْفِيل

Imam ‘Abd ibn Hameed, Baihaqi in Dalaail mentioned from Ibn Abza, he said:  The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – was born in the year in which the incident of the people of the elephant took place.

 

Tafsir Al-Durr al-Manthoor Bi al-Tafsir al-Mathoor of Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

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