Download PDF:  S110 V003 Tafseer of Ahlus Sunnah تفسیر اھل السنۃ

فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّکَ وَ اسْتَغْفِرْہُ ؕؔ اِنَّہٗ کَانَ تَوَّابًا ٪﴿۳﴾

Then praising Allah glorify Him and beg for His forgiveness. Undoubtedly, He is ever Accepting of repentance.

 

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی

أَيْ إِذَا صَلَّيْتَ فَأَكْثِرْ مِنْ ذَلِكَ.

i.e. when you perform Salah, increase in (Tasbeeh and Istighfar).

 

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ: بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ أَيْ حَامِدًا لَهُ عَلَى مَا آتَاكَ مِنَ الظَّفَرِ وَالْفَتْحِ.

Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – is reported to have said, “It means i.e. praise Allah for the victory He has granted you.”

 

وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ أَيْ سَلِ اللَّهَ الْغُفْرَانَ.

i.e. Seek Allah’s forgiveness.

 

رَوَى الْأَئِمَّةُ (وَاللَّفْظُ لِلْبُخَارِيِّ) عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ: مَا صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ صَلَاةُ بَعْدَ أَنْ نَزَلَتْ عَلَيْهِ سُورَةُ إِذا جاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ إِلَّا يَقُولُ: [سُبْحَانَكَ رَبَّنَا وَبِحَمْدِكَ، اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي [

The Imams have reported (with Bukhari’s wording) from Sayyidah Ayesha – may Allah be pleased with them – to have said:  Whenever the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – performed Salah after the revelation of Surah Al-Nasr, he would recite, “All praise and glory belong to You, our Lord. O Allah, forgive me.”

 

وَعَنْهَا قَالَتْ: كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُكْثِرُ أَنْ يَقُولَ فِي رُكُوعِهِ وَسُجُودِهِ: [سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَبِحَمْدِكَ، اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي [.

It is also reported from her that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – used to excessively recite in his Rukus and Sajdahs: “All praise and glory belong to You, our Lord. O Allah, forgive me.”

 

وَفِي الْبُخَارِيِّ وَغَيْرِهِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ: كَانَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ يَأْذَنُ لِأَهْلِ بَدْرٍ، وَيَأْذَنُ لِي مَعَهُمْ. قَالَ: فَوَجِدَ  بَعْضُهُمْ مِنْ ذَلِكَ، فَقَالُوا: يَأْذَنُ لِهَذَا الْفَتَى مَعَنَا وَمِنْ أَبْنَائِنَا مَنْ هُوَ مِثْلُهُ! فَقَالَ لَهُمْ عُمَرُ: إِنَّهُ مَنْ قَدْ عَلِمْتُمْ. قَالَ: فَأَذِنَ لَهُمْ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ، وَأَذِنَ لِي مَعَهُمْ، فَسَأَلَهُمْ عَنْ هَذِهِ السُّورَةِ إِذا جاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ فقالوا: أمر اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ نَبِيَّهُ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذَا فَتَحَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَسْتَغْفِرَهُ، وَأَنْ يَتُوبَ إِلَيْهِ. فَقَالَ: مَا تَقُولُ يَا ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ قُلْتُ: لَيْسَ كَذَلِكَ، وَلَكِنْ أَخْبَرَ اللَّهُ نَبِيَّهُ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حُضُورَ أَجَلِهِ، فَقَالَ: إِذا جاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ، فَذَلِكَ عَلَامَةُ مَوْتِكِ. فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ إِنَّهُ كانَ تَوَّاباً.

It is mentioned in Bukhari and other collections from Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them:  Sayyiduna Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – used to invite me along with the elderly men who had fought in the battle of Badr. Some of them said, “Why do you allow this young man to enter with us, while we have children of his age?”  Sayyiduna Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “Do you know who this person is?!”  One day (Sayyiduna) Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) called them and also called me along with them, I thought he called me on that day to show them something about me. Sayyiduna Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – asked them, “What do you say about Surah Al-Nasr?”  Some of them replied, “The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is commanded to praise Allah and repent to Him as he has been helped and granted victory.”  Sayyiduna Umar – may Allah be pleased with him – then said to me, “What do you say Ibn ‘Abbas?”  I said, “It is nothing like that but this verse indicates approaching of the death of Allah’s Messenger – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – of which Allah Almighty has informed him. When comes the help of Allah and the Conquest, i.e. the Conquest of Makkah, that will be the sign of your death then praising Allah, glorify Him and beg for His forgiveness. Undoubtedly, He is ever Accepting of repentance.”

 

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین

{فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبّك} أَيْ مُتَلَبِّسًا بِحَمْدِهِ {وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوَّابًا} وَكَانَ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَعْد نُزُول هَذِهِ السُّورَة يُكْثِر مِنْ قَوْل سُبْحَان اللَّه وَبِحَمْدِهِ أَسْتَغْفِر اللَّه وَأَتُوب إِلَيْهِ وَعَلِمَ بِهَا أَنَّهُ قَدْ اِقْتَرَبَ أَجَله وَكَانَ فَتْح مَكَّة فِي رَمَضَان سَنَة ثَمَان وَتُوُفِّيَ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي رَبِيع الأول سنة عشر

i.e. continuously praise Him and seek forgiveness from Him; for verily He is ever willing to accept repentance. The Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – would frequently repeat the words ‘Glory and praise be to Allah’ and ‘I seek forgiveness from Allah and I repent to Him’ after this Surah had been revealed.  He realized that his departure was near. The victory over Mekkah Mukarramah occurred in Ramadan of the year 8 A.H. and the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – passed away in Rabi al-Awwal of the year 10 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor                                                                              تفسیر الدر المنثور

قَالَ قَتَادَة: وَالله مَا عَاشَ بعْدهَا إِلَّا قَلِيلا سنتَيْن ثمَّ توفّي

Sayyiduna Qatadah – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  I swear by Allah that he (the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him) only lived for as little as two years after that, then passed away.

 

Tafsir Al-Durr al-Manthoor Bi al-Tafsir al-Mathoor of Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

 

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan                                                                                              تفسیر روح البیان

قال على رضى الله عنه لما نزلت هذه السورة مرض رسول الله عليه السلام فخرج الى الناس فخطبهم وودعهم ثم دخل المنزل فتوفى بعد ايام

Sayyiduna ‘Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  When this Surah was revealed, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – fell ill then he addressed the people in his sermon and bid farewell, and then he entered the house and passed away after a few days.

 

قال الحسن رحمه الله أعلم انه قد اقترب اجله فامر بالتسبيح والتوبة ليختم له بالعمل الصالح

Sayyiduna Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – said:  Know that when the time of his death was near, Allah Almighty commanded him to recite Tasbeeh, Hamd and Tawbah, so that his end be on good deed.

 

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan of Imam Isma’eel Haqqi ibn Mustafa al-Istanbuli Hanafi t D. 1127 A.H.