Download PDF:  S109 V001 Tafseer of Ahlus Sunnah تفسیر اھل السنۃ

قُلْ یٰۤاَیُّہَا الْکٰفِرُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۱﴾

Say, “O disbelievers.”

 

Tafsir al-Tabari                                                             تفسیر الطبری

كَانَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ مِنْ قَوْمِهِ فِيمَا ذُكِرَ عَرَضُوا عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ سَنَةً، عَلَى أَنْ يَعْبُدَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ آلِهَتَهُمْ سَنَةً، فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ مَعْرِفَةَ جَوَابِهِمْ فِي ذَلِكَ: {قُلْ} [البقرة: 80] يَا مُحَمَّدُ لِهَؤُلَاءِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ الَّذِينَ سَأَلُوكَ عِبَادَةَ آلِهَتِهِمْ سَنَةً، عَلَى أَنْ يَعْبُدُوا إِلَهَكَ سَنَةً {يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ} [الكافرون: 1] بِاللّٰہِ

They were the polytheists of his nation who extended an offer to the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – that they would worship Allah Almighty for a year, and in return, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – should worship their gods for a year.  It was then Allah Almighty revealed it in their response: “Say” i.e. O Muhammad, to these polytheists who ask you to worship their gods for a year in return of their worship of your Allah for a year, “O disbelievers” in Allah.

 

Tafsir Al-Tabari (Tafsir Ibn Jareer / Jame’ al-Bayaan fi Taweel al-Quraan) of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabri t D. 310 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                        تفسیر البغوی

نَزَلَتْ فِي رَهْطٍ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ مِنْهُمُ: الْحَارِثُ بْنُ قَيْسٍ السَّهْمِيُّ، وَالْعَاصُ بْنُ وَائِلٍ، وَالْوَلِيدُ بْنُ الْمُغِيرَةِ، [وَالْأَسْوَدُ] بْنُ عَبْدِ يَغُوثَ، وَالْأَسْوَدُ بْنُ الْمَطْلَبِ بن أسد،  وَأُمِّيَّةُ بْنُ خَلَفٍ، قَالُوا: يَا مُحَمَّدُ [هَلُمَّ فَاتَّبِعْ] دِينَنَا وَنَتَّبِعُ دِينَكَ وَنُشْرِكُكَ فِي أَمْرِنَا كُلِّهِ، تَعْبُدُ آلِهَتَنَا سَنَةً وَنَعْبُدُ إِلَهَكَ سَنَةً، فَإِنْ كَانَ الَّذِي جِئْتَ بِهِ خَيْرًا كُنَّا قَدْ شَرَكْنَاكَ فِيهِ وَأَخَذْنَا حَظَّنَا مِنْهُ، وَإِنْ كَانَ الَّذِي بِأَيْدِينَا خَيْرًا كُنْتَ قَدْ شَرَكْتَنَا فِي أَمْرِنَا وَأَخَذْتَ بِحَظِّكَ مِنْهُ، فَقَالَ: مَعَاذَ اللَّهِ أَنْ أُشْرِكَ بِهِ غَيْرَهُ، قَالُوا: فَاسْتَلِمْ بَعْضَ آلِهَتِنَا نُصَدِّقُكَ وَنَعْبُدُ إِلَهَكَ، فَقَالَ: حَتَّى أَنْظُرَ مَا يَأْتِي مِنْ عِنْدِ رَبِّي، فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ: قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ إِلَى آخَرِ السُّورَةِ، فَغَدَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الحرام وفيه الملاء مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ، فَقَامَ عَلَى رُءُوسِهِمْ ثُمَّ قَرَأَهَا عَلَيْهِمْ حَتَّى فَرَغَ مِنَ السُّورَةِ، فَأَيِسُوا مِنْهُ عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ وَآذَوْهُ وَأَصْحَابَهُ

It was revealed about a group of Quraish; among them are Al-Harith ibn Qais al-Sahmi, Al-‘Aas ibn Waail, Al-Waleed ibn al-Mugheerah, Al-Aswad ibn ‘Abd Yaghooth, Aswad ibn al-Matlab ibn Asad and Umaiyah ibn Khalaf, who said, “O Muhammad, join us in our religion and we will follow your religion and include you in all our endeavors.  You would worship our gods for a year and we will worship your Allah for a year.  So, if there is good in what you have brought, we would have become part of it and we would have reaped our share from it, and if there is good in our religion then you would have benefitted from it.  The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – said, “Allah forbid! that I associate any partner with Allah.”  They said, “Then (at least) accept some of our gods and we would approve you and worship your Allah.”  He said, “I will wait for what is to come from my Lord.”  Allah Almighty then revealed Surah Al-Kafiroon.  The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – headed towards the Sacred Mosque the next day and there was this group of Quraish.  He stood by them and recited it till the end of the Surah.  They lost hope in him, and hurt him and his companions.

 

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Kabeer                                                                                                 التفسیر الکبیر

اعْلَمْ أَنَّ هَذِهِ السُّورَةَ تُسَمَّى سُورَةَ الْمُنَابِذَةِ وَسُورَةَ الْإِخْلَاصِ وَالْمُقَشْقِشَةَ

Know that this Surah is also called:

  1. Al-Munabidhah
  2. Al-Ikhlas
  3. Al-Muqashqesha

 

وَرُوِيَ أَنَّ مَنْ قَرَأَهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَأَ رُبْعَ الْقُرْآنِ

It is reported that one who recites this Surah, it is as if he has recited one-fourth portion of the Holy Quran.

 

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i t D. 606 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی

وَفِي التِّرْمِذِيِّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ أَنَسٍ: أَنَّهَا تَعْدِلُ ثُلُثَ الْقُرْآنِ.

It is mentioned in Tirmidhi in the Hadeeth reported by Sayyiduna Anas – may Allah be pleased with him: It is indeed equivalent of one-third of the Holy Quran.

 

عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: [(قل يا أيها الْكَافِرُونَ) تَعْدِلُ رُبُعَ الْقُرْآنِ

Sayyiduna Anas – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said:  The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated, “Surah Al-Kafiroon is equivalent of one-fourth of the Holy Quran.”

 

عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ: صَلَّى النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِأَصْحَابِهِ صَلَاةَ الفجر في سفر، فقرأ (قل يا أيها الْكَافِرُونَ). و (قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ)، ثُمَّ قَالَ: [قَرَأْتُ بِكُمْ ثُلُثَ الْقُرْآنِ وَرُبُعَهُ [.

Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with them – is reported to have said: The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – performed Fajr Salah with his companions while on a journey and recited Surah Al-Kafiroon and Surah Al-Ikhlas then said, “I recited one-third and one-fourth of the Quran for you.”

 

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Baidawi                                                                                                                      تفسیر البیضاوی

يعني كفرة مخصوصين قد علم الله منهم أنهم لا يؤمنون.

i.e. it was revealed about selected few infidels who, in Allah’s Knowledge, will not embrace Islam.

 

Tafsir al-Baidawi (Anwaar al-Tanzeel wa Asraar al-Taweel) of Imam Qadhi Abdullah ibn Umar al-Shiraazi al-Baidawi t D. 685 A.H.

 

Tafsir Rooh al-Ma’ani                                                  تفسیر روح المعانی

وأخرج أبو يعلى والطبراني عن ابن عباس مرفوعا «ألا أدلكم على كلمة تنجيكم من الإشراك بالله تعالى تقرءون قُلْ يا أَيُّهَا الْكافِرُونَ [الكافرون: 1] عند منامكم»

Imam Abu Ya’la and Tabrani reported from Sayyiduna Ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – directly from the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him, “Should I not inform you about a Kalimah which will give you freedom from associating partners with Allah, it is the recitation of Surah Al-Kafiroon at your bedtime.”

 

وروى الديلمي عن عبد الله بن جراد قال: قال رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلم: «المنافق لا يصلي الضحى ولا يقرأ قُلْ يا أَيُّهَا الْكافِرُونَ

Imam Dailami reported from Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Jerad – may Allah be pleased with them – he said:  The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated, “A hypocrite will not recite Surah Al-Dhuha and Surah Al-Ikhlas.”

 

Tafsir Rooh al-Ma’aani (Tafsir Alusi) of Imam Shahaabuddin Mahmood ibn Abdullah al-Husaini al-Alusi al-Baghdadi  D. 1270 A.H.

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