Download PDF: S114 V006 Tafseer of Ahlus Sunnah تفسیر اھل السنۃ

Surah Al-Naas 114  : Verse No. 6

سورۃ الناس 114 : آیۃ 6

مِنَ الْجِنَّۃِ وَ النَّاسِ٪﴿۶﴾

Among the jinns and men.

 

Tafsir al-Kabeer                                                                                                                        التفسیر الکبیر

كَأَنَّهُ يَقُولُ الْوَسْوَاسُ الْخَنَّاسُ قَدْ يَكُونُ مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَقَدْ يَكُونُ مِنَ النَّاسِ كَمَا قَالَ: شَياطِينَ الْإِنْسِ وَالْجِنِّ [الْأَنْعَامِ: 112] وَكَمَا أَنَّ شَيْطَانَ الْجِنِّ قَدْ يُوَسْوِسُ تَارَةً وَيَخْنِسُ أُخْرَى فَشَيْطَانُ الْإِنْسِ يَكُونُ كَذَلِكَ

As if He is saying that the one who instils evil thoughts and stays hidden can sometimes be one of the jinns and sometimes it can be a human, as the Almighty has stated:

شَیٰطِیۡنَ الۡاِنۡسِ وَ الْجِنِّ

Devils from amongst men and jinn.

(Al-An’aam 6, Verse 112)

And just as the satan jinn sometimes instils evil thoughts and then hides the next moment, the satanic human also behaves in the similar manner.

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i t D. 606 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                                                           تفسیر القرطبی

أَخْبَرَ أَنَّ الْمُوَسْوِسَ قَدْ يَكُونُ مِنَ النَّاسِ.

قَالَ الْحَسَنُ: هُمَا شَيْطَانَانِ، أَمَّا شَيْطَانُ الْجِنِّ فَيُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ، وَأَمَّا شَيْطَانُ الْإِنْسِ فَيَأْتِي عَلَانِيَةً.

وَقَالَ قَتَادَةُ: إِنَّ مِنَ الْجِنِّ شَيَاطِينَ، وَإِنَّ مِنَ الْإِنْسِ شَيَاطِينَ، فَتَعَوَّذْ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شَيَاطِينِ الْإِنْسِ وَالْجِنِّ.

وَرُوِيَ عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ أَنَّهُ قَالَ لِرَجُلٍ: هَلْ تَعَوَّذْتَ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شَيَاطِينِ الْإِنْسِ فَقَالَ: أو من الْإِنْسِ شَيَاطِينُ قَالَ: نَعَمْ، لِقَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى: وَكَذلِكَ جَعَلْنا لِكُلِّ نَبِيٍّ عَدُوًّا شَياطِينَ  الْإِنْسِ وَالْجِنِّ [الانعام: 112]

He stated that the one who instils evil thoughts can sometimes be from amongst the humans.

Sayyiduna Hasan – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “They both are satans; as for the satan of the jinns, so he instils evil thoughts in people’s hearts and the satan of humans, he comes apparently.”

Sayyiduna Qatadah – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “Indeed there are satans among the jinns as well as there are satans among the humans, so seek Allah’s refuge from the satans among the jinns and humans.”

And it has been narrated from Sayyiduna Abu Dhar – may Allah be pleased with him – that he said to a man: “Have you sought refuge in Allah from the satans among the humans or from the satans among the jinns?”  “Yes” he replied “Due to Allah’s command:

وَکَذٰلِکَ جَعَلْنَا لِکُلِّ نَبِیٍّ عَدُوًّا شَیٰطِیۡنَ الۡاِنۡسِ وَ الْجِنّ

And in like manner We have made for every prophet an enemy, devils from among men and jinn.”

(Al-An’aam 6, Verse 112)

Tafsir Qurbuti (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Nasafi                                                                                                                                                               تفسیر النسفی

{مِنَ الجنة والناس} بيان للذي يوسوس على أن الشيطان ضربان جني وإنسي كما قال شياطين الانس والجن

“Among the jinns and men” is an elaboration of “the one who instils evil thoughts” that the satan is of two types; the jinn and the human, as the Almighty has declared:

شَیٰطِیۡنَ الۡاِنۡسِ وَ الْجِنِّ

Devils from amongst men and jinn.

(Al-An’aam 6, Verse 112)

Tafsir al-Nasafi (Madarik al-Tanzeel) of Imam Abul Barakaat Abdullah ibn Ahmed al-Nasafi t D. 710 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                                                         تفسیر الجلالین

{مِنْ الْجِنَّة وَالنَّاس} بَيَان لِلشَّيْطَانِ الْمُوَسْوِس أَنَّهُ جِنِّيّ وَإِنْسِيّ كَقَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى شَيَاطِين الْإِنْس وَالْجِنّ

“Among the jinns and men” is an elaboration of the satan who instils evil thoughts that the satan is among the jinns and the humans, as the Almighty has declared:

شَیٰطِیۡنَ الۡاِنۡسِ وَ الْجِنِّ

Devils from amongst men and jinn.

(Al-An’aam 6, Verse 112)

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor                                                                                              تفسیر الدر المنثور

وَأخرج ابْن الْمُنْذر عَن ابْن جريج فِي قَوْله: {من الْجنَّة وَالنَّاس} قَالَ: هما وسواسان فوسواس من الْجنَّة وَهُوَ الْجِنّ ووسواس نفس الإِنسان فَهُوَ قَوْله: {وَالنَّاس}

وَأخرج عبد الرَّزَّاق وَابْن الْمُنْذر عَن قَتَادَة فِي قَوْله: {من الْجنَّة وَالنَّاس} قَالَ: إِن من النَّاس شياطين فنعوذ بِاللَّه من شياطين الإِنس وَالْجِنّ

Sayydiuna Ibn al-Mundhir has mentioned from Sayyiduna Ibn Juraij – may Allah be pleased with them – concerning Allah’s words “Among the jinns and men”: “They both are Waswaas.  The Waswaas among the jinns is the jinn itself and the waswaas among men is the human-self, hence Allah’s words, ‘And among men’.”

Sayydiuna Abd al-Razzaq and Ibn al-Mundhir have narrated from Sayyiduna Qatadah – may Allah be pleased with them – concerning Allah’s words “Among the jinns and men”: “Indeed, there are satans among people, so we seek refuge in Allah from the satans among humans and jinns.”

Tafsir Al-Durr al-Manthoor Bi al-Tafsir al-Mathoor of Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

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