Download PDF:  S114 V005 Tafseer of Ahlus Sunnah تفسیر اھل السنۃ

الَّذِیۡ یُوَسْوِسُ فِیۡ صُدُوۡرِ النَّاسِ ۙ﴿۵﴾

Those who instill evil thoughts into the hearts of people.

 

Tafsir al-Tabari                                                             تفسیر الطبری

يَعْنِي بِذَلِكَ: الشَّيْطَانَ الْوَسْوَاسَ، الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ: جِنِّهِمْ وَإِنْسِهِمْ.

Waswaaas, the satan is meant by that, who instils evil thoughts in people’s hearts; the jinns and the humans thereof.

 

Tafsir Al-Tabari (Tafsir Ibn Jareer / Jame’ al-Bayaan fi Taweel al-Quraan) of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabri t D. 310 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Matureedi                                            تفسیر الماتریدی                                

أما الوسوسة فهي أمر معروف، وذلك بما يلقى من الكلمات التي تشغل القلب وتحير في أمر الدِّين

Waswasah is a known subject.  The satan instils such evil thoughts that leaves one wondering and having doubts about his religion.

 

Tafsir al-Matureedi (Taweel Ahl al-Sunnah) of Imam Abu Mansoor Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Matureedi t D. 333 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                        تفسیر البغوی

{الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ} بِالْكَلَامِ الْخَفِيِّ الَّذِي يَصِلُ مَفْهُومُهُ إِلَى الْقَلْبِ مِنْ غَيْرِ سَمَاعٍ.

“Those who instill evil thoughts into the hearts of people” with the stealth communication which is perceived by the heart without being heard.

 

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی

قَالَ مُقَاتِلٌ: إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ فِي صُورَةِ خِنْزِيرٍ، يَجْرِي مِنِ ابْنِ آدَمَ مَجْرَى الدَّمِ فِي الْعُرُوق، سَلَّطَهُ اللَّهُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ، فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى: الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ.

وَفِي الصَّحِيحِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: [أَنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ يَجْرِي مِنَ ابْنِ آدَمَ مَجْرَى الدَّمِ]. وَهَذَا يُصَحِّحُ مَا قَالَهُ مُقَاتِلٌ.

وَرَوَى شَهْرُ بْنُ حَوْشَبٍ عَنْ أَبِي ثَعْلَبَةَ الْخُشَنِيِّ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ اللَّهَ أَنْ يُرِيَنِي الشَّيْطَانَ وَمَكَانَهُ مِنِ ابْنِ آدَمَ فَرَأَيْتُهُ، يَدَاهُ فِي يَدَيْهِ، وَرِجْلَاهُ فِي رِجْلَيْهِ، وَمَشَاعِبُهُ فِي جَسَدِهِ، غَيْرَ أَنَّ لَهُ خَطْمًا كَخَطْمِ الْكَلْبِ، فَإِذَا ذَكَرَ اللَّهَ خَنَسَ وَنَكَسَ، وَإِذَا سَكَتَ عَنْ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ أَخَذَ بِقَلْبِهِ.

فَعَلَى، مَا وَصَفَ أَبُو ثَعْلَبَةَ أَنَّهُ مُتَشَعِّبٌ فِي الْجَسَدِ، أَيْ فِي كُلِّ عُضْوٍ مِنْهُ شُعْبَةٌ.

وَرُوِيَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْأَسْوَدِ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ مِنَ التَّابِعِينَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ- وَقَدْ كَبِرَ سِنُّهُ-: مَا أَمِنْتُ الزِّنَى وَمَا يُؤْمِنُنِي أَنْ يُدْخِلَ الشَّيْطَانُ ذَكَرَهُ فَيُوْتِدَهُ! فَهَذَا الْقَوْلُ يُنَبِّئُكَ أَنَّهُ مُتَشَعِّبٌ فِي الْجَسَدِ، وَهَذَا مَعْنَى قَوْلِ مُقَاتِلٍ.

وَوَسْوَسَتُهُ: هُوَ الدُّعَاءُ لِطَاعَتِهِ بِكَلَامٍ خَفِيٍّ، يَصِلُ مَفْهُومُهُ إِلَى الْقَلْبِ مِنْ غير سماع صوت.

Sayyiduna Muqatil – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “Satan is in the form of a pig.  It travels within the human body through blood streams. Allah Almighty has appointed him on this, and this is the objective of Allah’s words “Those who instill evil thoughts into the hearts of people.”

It has been mentioned in the authentic narration from the beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – that the satan travels within the human body through blood streams.  This Hadeeth verifies the statement of Sayyiduna Muqatil – may Allah be pleased with him.

Sayyiduna Shahr ibn Haushab narrated that from Sayyiduna Abu Tha’lebah al-Khushni  – may Allah be pleased with them – who said, “I requested Allah to show me the satan along with its station in the human body, and then I saw him with his hands in the human hands and his feet in the human feet, and his pathway into the human body.  His nose is like that of a dog’s.  When one remembers Allah, he hides and retreats and when one stops remembering Allah he gets hold of his heart.”

According to the narration of Abu Tha’lebah, the satan is spread throughout the human body and it has its organs spread in each human organ.

It has been narrated from Sayyiduna Abd al-Rahman ibn Aswad and another Tabe’i – may Allah be pleased with them – when they had grown old, “I am not guaranteed to abstain from adultery, and I fear that the satan may enter his male organ and peg it.”  This statement should come to you as a warning that the satan is spread all over in the human body.  This is the meaning of Sayyiduna Muqatil’s – may Allah be pleased with him – statement.

His Waswasah is a call in the form of a stealth message towards his obedience, the meaning of which is perceived by the heart without being heard as a voice.

 

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Baidawi                                                                                                                      تفسیر البیضاوی

الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ إذا غفلوا عن ذكر ربهم.

“Those who instill evil thoughts into the hearts of people” when they become negligent of the remembrance of their Lord.

 

Tafsir al-Baidawi (Anwaar al-Tanzeel wa Asraar al-Taweel) of Imam Qadhi Abdullah ibn Umar al-Shiraazi al-Baidawi t D. 685 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین

{الَّذِي يُوَسْوِس فِي صُدُور النَّاس} قُلُوبهمْ إِذَا غَفَلُوا عَنْ ذِكْر اللَّه

“Those who instill evil thoughts into the hearts of people” when they become negligent of the remembrance of Allah.

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

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