Download PDF:  S114 V004 Tafseer of Ahlus Sunnah تفسیر اھل السنۃ

مِنۡ شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ ۬ۙ الْخَنَّاسِ﴿۴﴾۪ۙ

From the evil of the one who instils evil thoughts in the hearts – and stays hidden.

 

Tafsir al-Tabari                                                             تفسیر الطبری

{مِنْ شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ} [الناس: 4] يَعْنِي: مِنْ شَرِّ الشَّيْطَانِ {الْخَنَّاسِ} [الناس: 4] الَّذِي يَخْنِسُ مَرَّةً وَيُوَسْوِسُ أُخْرَى، وَإِنَّمَا يَخْنِسُ فِيمَا ذُكِرَ عِنْدَ ذِكْرِ الْعَبْدِ رَبَّهُ

“From the evil of the one who instils evil thoughts in the hearts” i.e. from the evil of satan “and stays hidden” i.e. the one who hides for a moment and then instils evil thoughts the next moment.  He hides when one remembers his Lord.

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ: مَا مِنْ مَوْلُودٍ إِلَّا عَلَى قَلْبِهِ الْوَسْوَاسُ، فَإِذَا عَقَلَ فَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ خَنَسَ، وَإِذَا غَفَلَ وَسْوَسَ، قَالَ: فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ: {الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ} [الناس: 4] ”

Sayyiduna ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – is reported to have said, “The satan instils evil in the heart of a newborn.  When he matures and remembers Allah he hides and when he becomes negligent he instils evil thoughts, hence the words of the Almighty: ‘The one who instils evil thoughts in the hearts – and stays hidden’.”

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، فِي قَوْلِهِ {الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ} [الناس: 4] قَالَ: الشَّيْطَانُ جَاثِمٌ عَلَى قَلْبِ ابْنِ آدَمَ، فَإِذَا سَهَا وَغَفَلَ وَسْوَسَ، وَإِذَا ذَكَرَ اللَّهَ خَنَسَ ”

Sayyiduna ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – is reported to have said about Allah’s words, “The one who instils evil thoughts in the hearts – and stays hidden”: “The satan is all over the heart of a human.  When he forgets and becomes unmindful he instils evil thoughts and when he remembers Allah, he hides.”

ابْنُ ثَوْرٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، «ذُكِرَ لِي أَنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ أَوْ قَالَ الْوَسْوَاسَ، يَنْفُثُ فِي قَلْبِ الْإِنْسَانِ عِنْدَ الْحُزْنِ وَعِنْدَ الْفَرَحِ، وَإِذَا ذَكَرَ اللَّهَ خَنَسَ

Ibn Thaur, narrated from his father – may Allah be pleased with them: “I have been told that indeed satan, or he said ‘Al-Waswaas’, casts spells over a person’s heart at sad and happy occasions, and when he remembers Allah, he hides.”

إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَرَ نَبِيَّهُ  مُحَمَّدًا صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنْ يَسْتَعِيذَ بِهِ مِنْ شَرِّ شَيْطَانٍ يُوَسْوِسُ مَرَّةً وَيَخْنِسُ أُخْرَى، وَلَمْ يَخُصَّ وَسْوَسَتَهُ عَلَى نَوْعٍ مِنْ أَنْوَاعِهَا، وَلَا خُنُوسَهُ عَلَى وَجْهٍ دُونَ وَجْهٍ، وَقَدْ يُوَسْوِسُ الدُّعَاءَ إِلَى مَعْصِيَةِ اللَّهِ، فَإِذَا أُطِيعَ فِيهَا خَنَسَ، وَقَدْ يُوَسْوِسُ بِالنَّهْيِ عَنْ طَاعَةِ اللَّهِ فَإِذَا ذَكَرَ الْعَبْدُ أَمَرَ رَبِّهِ، فَأَطَاعَهُ فِيهِ، وَعَصَى الشَّيْطَانَ خَنَسَ، فَهُوَ فِي كُلِّ حَالَتَيْهِ وَسْوَاسٌ خَنَّاسٌ، وَهَذِهِ الصِّفَةُ صِفَتُهُ

Indeed, Allah Almighty commanded His Prophet Muhammad – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – to seek refuge in Him from the evil of satan who instils evil thoughts and then hides but He did not specify the type of evil thoughts out of many of its kinds nor the manner of it.  Sometimes he calls for evil thoughts towards the disobedience of Allah, and when one follows through it, he hides.  Sometimes he instils evil thoughts towards rejecting the obedience to Allah’s commands, so when the servant remembers the command of his Lord and follows through it and defies him then satan he hides.  He is therefore “Waswaas” and “Khannaas” in every condition, and these are his principles.

 

Tafsir Al-Tabari (Tafsir Ibn Jareer / Jame’ al-Bayaan fi Taweel al-Quraan) of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jareer al-Tabri t D. 310 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Matureedi                                            تفسیر الماتریدی                                

سُمِّىَ الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ بِأنَّهٗ وَسْوَاسٌ وَخَنَّاسٌ، وَقِيْلَ فِي تَأوِيلِهٖ مِنْ وَجْهَيْنِ:

أحدهما: أنه يوسوس لدى الغفلة، ويخنس عند ذكر اللَّه تعالى، أي: يخرج ويذهب.

وَالثَّانِی: اَنَّہٗ يخنس: لَا يُرٰى، وَلَا يَظْهَرُ، كَقَوْلِهٖ – تَعَالٰى -: (إِنَّهُ يَرَاكُمْ هُوَ وَقَبِيْلُهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا تَرَوْنَهُمْ)

The one who instils evil thoughts is named “Waswaas” and “Khannaas”, and it can be explained in two ways:

  1. He instils evil thoughts at the time of negligence and hides at the time of Allah’s remembrance i.e. he comes out and leaves.
  2. He hides – he can neither be seen nor makes an appearance; as it has been mentioned in the Holy Quran:

اِنَّہٗ یَرٰىکُمْ ہُوَ وَقَبِیۡلُہٗ مِنْ حَیۡثُ لَا تَرَوْنَہُمْ

Undoubtedly, he and his tribe see you whence you see them not.

(Al-A’raaf 7, Verse 27)

 

Tafsir al-Matureedi (Taweel Ahl al-Sunnah) of Imam Abu Mansoor Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Matureedi t D. 333 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Baghawi                                                        تفسیر البغوی

}مِنْ شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ} يَعْنِي الشَّيْطَانَ، يَكُونُ مَصْدَرًا وَاسْمًا.

قَالَ الزَّجَّاجُ: يَعْنِي: الشَّيْطَانَ ذَا الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ الرَّجَّاعِ، وَهُوَ الشَّيْطَانُ جَاثِمٌ عَلَى قَلْبِ الْإِنْسَانِ، فَإِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ خَنَسَ وَإِذَا غُفِلَ وَسْوَسَ.

وَقَالَ قَتَادَةُ: الْخَنَّاسُ لَهُ خُرْطُومٌ كَخُرْطُومِ الْكَلْبِ فِي صَدْرِ الْإِنْسَانِ فَإِذَا ذَكَرَ الْعَبْدُ رَبَّهُ خَنَسَ.

وَيُقَالُ: رَأْسُهُ كَرَأْسِ الْحَيَّةِ وَاضِعٌ رَأْسَهُ عَلَى ثَمَرَةِ الْقَلْبِ يُمَنِّيهِ وَيُحَدِّثُهُ، فَإِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ خَنَسَ وَإِذَا لَمْ يُذْكَرْ رَجَعَ فَوَضَعَ رَأْسَهُ

“From the evil of the one who instils evil thoughts in the hearts – and stays hidden” i.e. the satan (grammatically, it can be viewed as both; a noun and a root word).

Sayyiduna Zajjaaj – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “It means the satan who instils evil thoughts is ‘Khannaas’, and it sits at the person’s heart.  When one remembers Allah, he hides and when one becomes unmindful he instils evil thoughts.”

Sayyiduna Qatadah – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “‘Khannaas’ has a snout like that of a dog’s which it places it on the human heart.  When the servant remembers his Lord, he hides.”

It is also said that it’s head is like that of a snake’s which it places on the hearts and creates desires and makes one wonder, and when one remembers Allah, he hides.  When one becomes negligent of Allah’s remembrance it returns and places it head.

 

Tafsir al-Baghawi (Ma’aalim al-Tanzeel) of Muhiyy al-Sunnah Imam Abu Muhammad Al-Husain ibn Mas’ood al-Baghwi al-Shafe’I t D. 510 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Kabeer                                                                                                 التفسیر الکبیر

الْوَسْوَاسُ ۔۔۔وَالْمُرَادُ بِهِ الشَّيْطَانُ

وَأَمَّا الْخَنَّاسُ فَهُوَ الَّذِي عَادَتُهُ أَنْ يَخْنِسَ

عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ إِذَا ذَكَرَ الْإِنْسَانُ رَبَّهُ خَنَسَ الشَّيْطَانُ وَوَلَّى، فَإِذَا غَفَلَ وَسْوَسَ إليه.

The meaning of “Waswaas” is the satan.

And as for “Khannaas”, his characteristic is to hide.

Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn Jubair – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said, “When a person remembers his Lord the satan hides and retreats, and when one becomes unmindful he instils evil thoughts in him.”

 

Tafsir al-Kabeer (Mafateeh al-Ghaib) of Imam Fakhruddin Muhammad ibn Umar al-Raazi al-Shafe’i t D. 606 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Qurtubi                                                                                                                         تفسیر القرطبی

وَعَنْ أَنَسٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: [إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ وَاضِعٌ خَطْمَهُ عَلَى قَلْبِ ابْنِ آدَمَ، فَإِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ خَنَسَ، وَإِذَا نُسِيَ اللَّهُ الْتَقَمَ قَلْبَهُ فَوَسْوَسَ].

وَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ: إِذَا ذَكَرَ اللَّهَ الْعَبْدُ خَنَسَ مِنْ قَلْبِهِ فَذَهَبَ، وَإِذَا غَفَلَ الْتَقَمَ قَلْبَهُ فَحَدَّثَهُ وَمَنَّاهُ۔

وَقَدْ رَوَى ابْنُ جُبَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ فِي قَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى: الْوَسْواسِ الْخَنَّاسِ وَجْهَيْنِ: أَحَدُهُمَا- أَنَّهُ الرَّاجِعُ بِالْوَسْوَسَةِ عَنِ الْهُدَى. الثَّانِي: أَنَّهُ الخارج بالوسوسة من اليقين.

Sayyiduna Anas – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated from the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – that he said, “Satan places its nose on the human heart.  When one remembers Allah, he hides and when one forgets Allah he feasts on his heart and instils evil thoughts.”

Sayyiduna ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – said, “When the servant remembers Allah the satan retreats and goes away and when he becomes unmindful he feasts on his heart and creates desires and makes him wonder.”

Sayyiduna Ibn Jubair narrated from Sayyiduna Ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – that he said, “Waswaas” and “Khannaas” have two possibilities:

  1. He turns one away from guidance through evil thoughts.
  2. He turns one away from having faith through evil thoughts.”

 

Tafsir Qurtubi (Al-Jame’ Li Ahkaam al-Quran) Imam Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi t D. 671 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Baidawi                                                                                                                      تفسیر البیضاوی

الْخَنَّاسِ الذي عادته أن يخنس أي يتأخر إذا ذكر الإِنسان ربه.

“Khannaas” is the one who hides and backs away when one remembers his Lord.

 

Tafsir al-Baidawi (Anwaar al-Tanzeel wa Asraar al-Taweel) of Imam Qadhi Abdullah ibn Umar al-Shiraazi al-Baidawi t D. 685 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Nasafi                                                                                                                                                      تفسیر النسفی

{مِن شَرّ الوسواس} والمراد به الشيطان سمي بالمصدر كأنه وسوسة في نفسه لأنها شغله الذي هو عاكف عليه أو أريد ذو الوسواس والوسوسة الصوت الخفي {الخناس} الذي عادته أن يخنس

روي عن سعيد بن جبير إذا ذكر الإنسان ربه خنس الشيطان وولى وإذا غفل رجع ووسوس إليه

“From the evil of the one who instils evil thoughts in the hearts.”  It means the satan, and the reason it is named using the root word because he is evil itself, and it has one duty which is to instill evil thoughts in people’s hearts or it means the one who instils evil with stealth voice.  “And stays hidden” i.e. it is his characteristic to hide.

It has been narrated from Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn Jubair – may Allah be pleased with him – that when a person remembers his Lord the satan hides and runs away and when he becomes unmindful he returns and instils evil thoughts in him.

 

Tafsir al-Nasafi (Madarik al-Tanzeel) of Imam Abul Barakaat Abdullah ibn Ahmed al-Nasafi t D. 710 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain                                                                                                                        تفسیر الجلالین

{مِنْ شَرّ الْوَسْوَاس} الشَّيْطَان سُمِّيَ بِالْحَدَثِ لِكَثْرَةِ مُلَابَسَته لَهُ {الْخَنَّاس} لِأَنَّهُ يَخْنِس وَيَتَأَخَّر عَنْ الْقَلْب كُلَّمَا ذُكِرَ اللَّه

“From the evil of the one who instils evil thoughts in the hearts.” Satan — he is referred to by the name of the excessive action because of his reparative engagement in it.  “And stays hidden” because he hides and retreats from the heart whenever Allah is remembered.

 

Tafsir al-Jalalain of Imam Jalaaluddin Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli al-Shafe’i t D. 864 A.H. and Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor                                                                              تفسیر الدر المنثور

عَن النَّبِي صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم قَالَ: الحذر أَيهَا النَّاس وَإِيَّاكُم والوسواس الخناس فَإِنَّمَا يبلوكم أَيّكُم أحسن عملا

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is reported to have said: “Beware O people, beware of the evil whispering devil and the hidden evil, for indeed He (Allah Almighty) examines you as to who amongst you has the best of action.”

عَن إِبْرَاهِيم التَّيْمِيّ رَضِي الله عَنهُ قَالَ: أول مَا يبْدَأ الوسواس من الْوضُوء

Sayyiduna Ibrahim al-Taimi – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said, “Waswasah starts firstly from Wudhu.”

عَن عبد الله بن مُغفل قَالَ: الْبَوْل فِي المغتسل يَأْخُذ مِنْهُ الوسواس

Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Mughaffal – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said, “The ‘Waswaas’ catches when one urinates in the bathroom.”

عَن مُعَاوِيَة بن أبي طَلْحَة قَالَ: كَانَ من دُعَاء النَّبِي صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم اللَّهُمَّ: اعمر قلبِي من وسواس ذكرك واطرد عني وسواس الشَّيْطَان

Sayyiduna Mu’awiyah ibn Talha – may Allah be pleased with him –  is reported to have said, “O Allah, bless my heart with the inspiration of Your remembrance and keep me away from the evil thoughts of satan.”

الْبَيْهَقِيّ فِي شعب الإِيمان عَن أنس عَن النَّبِي قَالَ: إِن الشَّيْطَان وَاضع خطمه على قلب ابْن آدم فَإِن ذكر الله خنس وَإِن نسي الْتَقم قلبه فَذَلِك {الوسواس الخناس}

Imam Baihaqi narrates from Sayyiduna Anas – may Allah be pleased with them – in Shu’ab al-Iman, from the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – that he said, “Satan places its beak on the person’s heart.  If he remembers Allah he retreats and if he forgets, he feasts on his heart, so this is “Al-Waswaas al-Khannaas” i.e. the one who instils evil thoughts in the hearts – and stays hidden.”

عَن يحيى بن أبي كثير قَالَ: إِن الوسواس لَهُ بَاب فِي صدر ابْن آدم يوسوس مِنْهُ

Sayyiduna Yahya ibn Abi Katheer – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said, “There is a doorway in the heart of mankind for the satan through which he instils evil thoughts.”

عَن عُرْوَة بن رُوَيْم أَن عِيسَى ابْن مَرْيَم عَلَيْهِمَا السَّلَام دَعَا ربه أَن يرِيه مَوضِع الشَّيْطَان من ابْن آدم فَجلى لَهُ فَإِذا رَأسه مثل رَأس الْحَيَّة وَاضِعا رَأسه على ثَمَرَة الْقلب فَإِذا ذكر الله خنس وَإِذا لم يذكرهُ وضع رَأسه على ثَمَرَة قلبه فحدثه

Sayyyiduna ‘Urwah ibn Ruwaim – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said that Sayyiduna ‘Isa, son of Sayyidah Maryam – peace be upon him and may Allah be pleased with her – prayed to his Lord to show him the pathway of satan to mankind, so He showed it to him.  He sees that its head is like that of a snake’s and he placed his head on the heart’s opening.  Whenever one remembers Allah he hides and when one did not remember Him, he placed his head on the heart’s opening and planted (evil) thoughts.”

عَن عِكْرِمَة قَالَ: الوسواس مَحَله على فؤاد الإِنسان وَفِي عينه وَفِي ذكره وَمحله من الْمَرْأَة فِي عينهَا وَفِي فرجهَا إِذا أَقبلت وَفِي دبرهَا إِذا أَدْبَرت هَذِه مجالسه

Sayyiduna ‘Ikramah – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said, “The place of satan in men is in his heart, eyes and his male organ and in women, it is her eyes and her female organ in the front and her female organ when her back is turned.  These are his places.”

 

Tafsir Al-Durr al-Manthoor Bi al-Tafsir al-Mathoor of Imam Jalaaluddin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyooti al-Shafe’i t D. 911 A.H.

 

 

 

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan                                                                                              تفسیر روح البیان

والمراد بالوسواس الشيطان لانه يدعو الى المعصية بكلام خفى يفهمه القلب من غير ان يسمع صوته

The meaning of “Waswaas” is satan because he calls towards Allah’s disobedience with stealth voice which the heart can perceive without it being heard.

وفى آكام المرجان وينحصر ما يدعو الشيطان اليه ابن آدم فى ست مراتب المرتبة

الاولى الكفر والشرك ومعاداة الله ورسوله فاذا ظفر بذلك من ابن آدم بردأنينه واستراح من تعبه معه وهذا أول ما يريده من العبد

والمرتبة الثانية البدعة وهى أحب الى إبليس من المعصية لان المعصية يتاب منها فتكون كالعدم والبدعة يظن صاحبها انها صحيحة فلا يتوب منها فاذا عجز عن ذلك انتقل الى المرتبة الثالثة

وهى الكبائر على اختلاف أنواعها فاذا عجز عن ذلك انتقل الى المرتبة الرابعة

وهى الصغائر التي إذا اجتمعت أهلكت صاحبها كالنار الموقدة من الحطب الصغار فاذا عجز عن ذلك انتقل الى المرتبة الخامسة و

هى اشتغاله بالمباحات التي لا ثواب فيها ولا عقاب بل عقابها فوات الثواب الذي فات عليه باشتغاله بها فاذا عجز عن ذلك انتقل الى المرتبة السادسة و

هى ان يشغله بالعمل المفضول عما هو أفضل منه ليفوته ثواب العمل الفاضل

Different levels of satan’s evil plots:

It is mentioned in Aakaam al-Marjaan that the things satan calls towards are of six levels:

  1. Disbelief, polytheism, enmity of Allah and His Messenger

When one triumphs over these evils he diverts his attention to a laidback attitude and then he cares even less about these factors anymore.  This is the first step the satan expects from the mankind.

 

  1. Evil innovation

This is the sin dearest of all to satan, for the man does seeks forgiveness of sins in general, and then becomes like he never committed them as opposed to committing evil innovation, because he still thinks that he is doing something noble and therefore he does not repent from it.  When satan gives up on a real devotee of Allah in this regard then he turns to the third level.

 

  1. Major sins

Along its many different types, and when the satan gives up with this, he turns to the fourth level.

 

  1. Minor sins

When minor sins are excessively committed they can destroy a person just like the tiny sparks can burn a log when they accumulate in large number.  When satan gives up on this he turns to the fifth level.

 

  1. Heavy involvement in permissibilities

Those actions that neither contribute in good nor bad but rather a form of punishment because, in this way, one is not earning any rewards.  When satan gives up on this, he moves on to the sixth level.

 

  1. Involving one in the least rewarding deeds

This can deprive one from greater good and one will be losing on the greater rewards.

 

10 things resulting from Waswasah along with their treatment

قال ابو عمر والبخاري رحمهما الله اصل الوسوسة ونتيجتها من عشرة أشياء

أولها الحرص فقابله بالتوكيل والقناعة

والثاني الأمل فاكسره بمفاجأة الاجل

والثالث التمتع بشهوات الدنيا فقابله بزوال النعمة وطول الحساب

والرابع الحسد فاكسره برؤية العدل

والخامس البلاء فاكسره برؤية المنة والعوافي

والسادس الكبر فاكسره بالتواضع

والسابع الاستخفاف بحرمة المؤمنين فاكسره بتعظيمهم واحترامهم

والثامن حب الدنيا والمحمدة فاكسره بالإخلاص

والتاسع طلب العلو والرفعة فاكسره بالخشوع والذلة

والعاشر المنع والبخل فاكسره بالجود والسخاء

Abu ‘Amr Bukhari – may Allah be pleased with them – said that there are 10 things that result from Waswasah:

  1. Greed, which can be combated by having trust in Allah and by contentment.
  2. Desires, only death can overcome them.
  3. Worldly lust, which can be combated by the loss of bounties and lengthy trials.
  4. Envy, so break it with justice.
  5. Calamities, so treat it with vows.
  6. Arrogance, so break it with humility.
  7. Undermining the respect of believers, so break it by respecting and honouring them.
  8. Worldly love and its reverence, so break it with sincerity.
  9. Greed for high status, so break it with humility and by discrediting oneself.
  10. Misery, so break it with generosity.

الْخَنَّاسِ الذي عادته ان يخنس اى يتأخر إذا ذكر الإنسان ربه

(حكى) ان بعض الأولياء سأل الله تعالى ان يريه كيف يأتى الشيطان ويوسوس فأراه الحق تعالى هيكل الإنسان فى صورة بلور وبين كتفيه خال اسود كالعش والوكر فجاء الخناس يتحسس من جميع جوانبه وهو فى صورة خنزير له خرطوم كخرطوم الفيل فجاء بين الكتفين فادخل خرطومه قبل قلبه فوسوس اليه فذكر الله فخنس وراءه ولذلك سمى بالخناس لانه ينكص على عقبيه مهما حصل نور الذكر فى القلب

ولهذا السر الإلهي كان عليه السلام يحتجم بين كتفيه ويأمر بذلك ووصاه جبرائيل بذلك لتضعيف مادة الشيطان وتضييق مرصده لانه يجرى وسوسته مجرى الدم ولذلك كان خاتم النبوة بين كتفيه عليه السلام اشارة الى عصمته من وسوسته

لقوله أعانني الله عليه فأسلم اى بالختم الإلهي وشرح الصدر أيده وبالعصمة الكلية خصه فأسلم قربنه

وما اسلم قرين آدم عليه السلام فوسوس اليه لذلك

ويجوز ان يدخل الشيطان فى الأجسام لانه جسم لطيف وهو وان كان مخلوقا فى الأصل من نار لكنه ليس بمحرق لانه لما امتزج النار بالهواء صار تركيبه مزاجا مخصوصا كتركيب الإنسان

“And stays hidden” i.e. the one who hides and retreats when one remembers Allah.

Story:

Some Awliya requested Allah Almighty to show them how the satan comes and instils evil thoughts.  Allah Almighty showed them the human form in the shape of a creature who has a black mole between his shoulders like the shape of a bird’s nest.  The “Khannaas” firstly sniffs the humans from all sides and it looks like a pig with a trunk like that of an elephant’s.  He comes between the two shoulders and extends its trunk towards the heart and he then instils evil thoughts in it.  When the servant remembers Allah the satan retreats, hence the name “Khannaas”.  When he sees the light of Allah’s remembrance he hides.

It was due to this secret of Allah that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – used to do cupping between his shoulders and commanded others to do so as well.  Sayyiduna Jibreel – peace be upon him – advised him to do so to weaken the evil and make it hard for him to enter, for its waswasah runs through with the same speed the human blood travels in the body.  It was for this reason that the seal of Prophethood was between the shoulders, indicating that the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – is free from satan’s evil.

Hadeeth:

The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated, “Allah Almighty has helped me against him, so he (the satan) became Muslim.”  Allah Almighty supported him through His seal and by expanding his chest, and due to him being absolutely innocent, his satan became Muslim.

The satan of Sayyiduna Adam – peace be upon him – managed to instill waswaas in him.

It is possible for satan to enter the human body because he is a light substance although in reality created by fire but does not burn like fire, and has developed a unique formation by the compound of fire and air like the formation of the human body.

 

Tafsir Rooh al-Bayaan of Imam Isma’eel Haqqi ibn Mustafa al-Istanbuli Hanafi t D. 1127 A.H.

 

Tafsir al-Mazhari                                                                                              تفسیر المظہری

الوسواس اسم بمعنى الوسوسة وهو الصوت الخفي الذي يصل مفهومه الى القلب من غير سماع

عن عبد الله بن شقيق قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ما من آدمي الا بقلبه بيتان فى أحدهما الملك وفى الاخر الشيطان فاذا ذكر الله خنس وإذا لم يذكر الله وضع الشيطان منقاره فى قلبه ووسوس له رواه ابو يعلى وروى ابو يعلى عن انس عنه صلى الله تعالى عليه واله وسلم نحوه.

Waswaas is noun which means evil thoughts, and it is the stealth voice which is only perceived through the heart without being heard.

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Shaqeeq – may Allah be pleased with him – is reported to have said, “The Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – has stated, “In every human being, there are two houses in his heart; one occupied by the angel and the other by the satan.  When one remembers Allah the satan retreats and when one does not remember Allah the satan pokes its beak into one’s heart and instils evil thoughts.”

Imam Abu Ya’la narrated it from Sayyiduna Anas, from the beloved Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – likewise.

 

Tafsir al-Mazhari of Qaadhi Muhammad Thanaaullah Uthmaani Mujaddidi Paanipati t D 1225 A.H.

Advertisements