Download PDF: Riyaadus Saaliheen – Hadith #11 ( X 100 reward)
For one good, at times more than a hundred reward are recorded!
عَنْ اَبِی الْعَبَّاسِ عَبْدِاللہِ بْنِ عَبَّاسِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ رَضِیَ اللہُ عَنْہُمْ عَنْ رَّسُوْلِ اللہِ صَلَّی اللہُ عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ فِیمَا یَرْوِیْ عَنْ رَبِّہٖ تَبَارَکَ وَتَعَالٰی قَالَ:’’إِنَّ اللہَ کَتَبَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّیِّئَاتِ ثُمَّ بَیَّنَ ذٰلِکَ فَمَنْ ہَمَّ بِحَسَنَۃٍ فَلَمْ یَعْمَلْہَا کَتَبَہَااللہُ تَبَارَکَ وَتَعَالٰی عِنْدَہُ حَسَنَۃً کَامِلَۃً،وَإِنْ ہَمَّ بِہَا فَعَمِلَہَا کَتَبَہَااللہُ عَشْرَ حَسَنَاتٍ إِلَی سَبْعِ مِائَۃِ ضِعْفٍ إِلَی أَضْعَافٍ کَثِیْرَۃٍ واِنْ ہَمَّ بِسَیِّئَۃٍ فَلَمْ یَعْمَلْہَا کَتَبَہَا اللہُ عِنْدَہُ حَسَنَۃً کَامِلَۃً وَإِنْ ہَمَّ بِہَا فَعَمِلَہَا کَتَبَہَا اللہُ سَیِّئَۃً وَاحِدَۃً۔
(بخاری، کتاب الرقاق، باب من ھم بحسنۃ او سیئۃ، ۴/۲۴۴، حدیث:۶۴۹۱، بتغیر قلیل)
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with them – narrates that the Holy Prophet, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has declared that:
“Without doubt! The Almighty Allah has already recorded good and bad deeds.” Thereafter, he explained, “Whosoever intends to do good but is not able to perform that, in his Record of Deeds, a complete good is recorded. If with this intention he also performs (this good deed), Almighty Allah records (for him) ten times to seven hundred times and even more reward (than this) for him. If a person intends to do a bad deed, however he refrains from doing this, the Almighty Allah records for him a complete good. After the intention (of doing a bad deed) he still commits this bad deed, the Almighty Allah only records a single transgression for him!” (Bukhaari shareef).
The Immense Divine Mercy of the Almighty Allah!
Allama ibn Battaal – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – explains that, “If the Divine Mercy of the Almighty Allah was not present, then no one would actually enter Jannah because without doubt the sins and transgressions of an individual is far more than his good deeds. It is the Divine Mercy of the Almighty Allah that he multiplies the good of people many times further.
It is also His Divine Mercy that he does not multiply the evil and bad deeds of a person any further. Again, it is His Mercy that He even transforms the mere intention of doing good into a good deed. The reason is that to intend to do good is an act of the heart and therefore, recorded as an act even though physically it was not done.
Some people may ask that if this is the case with a good deed, why is it that when one intends to do evil or bad and yet refrains from doing this, he is still rewarded with a good deed and yet this is also an act of the heart? The answer to this is simple. The moment a person intends to do evil, but in his heart he decides to refrain from this, in actuality, in his heart, he has performed a good act. It is through this single act of good that he is rewarded.
This further explains the statement of the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – when he declared that, “Upon every Muslim, there is charity.” When the companions asked, “O Prophet of Allah! If a Muslim is not able to perform good then what?” He replied, “To merely refrain from evil is in itself charity.” (Sharah Bukhari)
The Mercy of the Almighty Allah.
Allama Badrudeenn Aini – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – explains that, “If a person intends to do good or a bad deed and yet refrains from this for the Divine Pleasure of the Almighty Allah, for him a good deed is recorded. However, if a person is forced to refrain from this evil or bad deed or an obstacle is placed in front of him, then in this instance, a reward will not be recorded for him.” (Umdatul Qari)
The complete good reward recorded for someone who intended to do good is also a complete good!
Allama Haafiz ibn Hajr Asqalani – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – explains that, “The word ‘Kaamilah’ in this Hadith Shareef further signifies and proves that the actual reward is certainly complete and total and that nothing in fact is even subtracted from this reward of good.” (Such is the Divine Mercy of the Almighty Allah).
Hadrat Allama Nawawi – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – also states that, “The word ‘kaamilah’ in this Hadith Shareef proves the status of this good reward.”
In the matter of intending to steal, it is clearly mentioned that “only a single” sin is recorded against someone who actually performs a bad and evil act.
In this Hadith Shareef, it is mentioned that Allah Almighty instructs the Angels to record reward for the person and thereafter, they record this reward.
In another Hadith-e-Qudsi, Allah Almighty instructs the Angels, “When my servant intends to do evil or bad, do not record it (as a bad deed) until and unless he commits this bad or evil.” This also proves that the Angels are aware of what is within the hearts of people. This can be due to two reasons. One is that the Allah Almighty gives them the power to perceive what is in the hearts of people. And secondly, the Angels are able to perceive this intention through a smell emanating from a person. If the person intends to do evil and bad, a foul and bad odour appears from the person and when he intends to do good, a sweet smell emanates from the person. (Fathul Baari)
What is meant by recording good and recording transgression?
Hakeemul Ummah, Mufti Ahmed Yaar Khan Na’eemi – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – explains that, “This could mean recording good and recording transgression in the Lahw Mahfuz or the Divine Table, or in the destiny of a person or in the record of deeds of a person which is recorded by the Angels specially delegated to do so.” (Miraatul Manaajih)
The special Divine Grace of Allah Almighty upon the Muslims!
There is no doubt that Allah Almighty has shown special and distinct Divine Mercy upon the Ummah of Sayyiduna Rasoolulah – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him. There is no limit to this special Divine Grace. He is more Merciful to us than even our own mothers. It is His Mercy that He even rewards this Ummah merely by them making the intention to do good! And when the Muslim actually performs this good deed, this single good deed carries a reward ten times more and even a hundred times more and sometimes even more than this.
Even when a Muslim just has the intention to refrain from evil, this mere intention itself is recorded as a good deed! And even more than this, when the bad deed is committed, only a single sin is recorded! If Allah Almighty had not shown this special Mercy to the Ummah of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – and had instructed the Angels to display the same type of behaviour with this Ummah in relation to their sins, then certainly, we would be in serious trouble in this world and in the next. In spite of all of this Special Mercy shown by Allah Almighty, if a person is still not able to take advantage, then we can say that this person is certainly very unfortunate.
Five types of thought process
Hadrat Allama Ahmed Saawi Maaliki – may Allah’s mercy be upon him – explains that there are five types of thought or processes of thought.
- Haajiz – This is when a thought suddenly appears in a person’s heart.
- Khaatir – This is when a thought continues to appear in a person’s heart on a number of occasions.
- Hadith-e-Nafs – This is when a thought appears in a person’s heart, a person’s mind also leans towards it and a plan is made to achieve it.
- Hamma- A thought appears in the mind and the majority of inclination is towards acquiring it, however the mere thought of its dangers inclines one not to do it.
- ‘Azam – When the mind is made up and the Nafs in completely inclined towards acquiring it. This is considered as “’Azam.”
If the first four types are displayed in a sinful act, there is no retribution for this. If there is a good deed applicable in the fourth type which is “hamma”, then one receives reward for this. (Haashiyah As Saawi)
These types of thought process can be explained in the following example. If a person suddenly thinks of committing a theft, this is considered as “Haajiz”. If this thought and idea continues to appear, it is considered as “Khaatir.” If he now starts to plot and plan that he is going to rob a certain place or house and that he is going enter a certain way and leave a certain way, this is considered as “Hadith-e-Nafs.” Now that he is fixed on stealing but at the same time, he has this fear that maybe he could be caught or there could be other dangers and therefore, he should refrain from this idea, this is considered as “Hamma.” Finally, when he has made up his mind and that he will definitely steal whether he gets caught or not, this is considered as “‘Azam.”
In matters of sinning, there is no retribution in the first four types. In the fifth type, there is obviously retribution and punishment. If the thought process is of the fifth type and one commits a crime of stealing and enters a house and finds nothing to steal, one would still be guilty of committing a transgression and therefore be punished for this crime.
The definition of a good and evil act
By a good deed is meant all of those deeds and acts which becomes a reason for reward. By evil acts or deeds are meant all of those deeds and action which becomes a reason for punishment. Therefore, to perform Salaah in its forbidden time is considered as a sin.
Yet, such is the eminent position and status of the beloved Prophet, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – that too allow ones Salaah to pass by its recommended time without performing it, is considered as a source of reward and greatness. Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – missed performing his Asar Salaah because he did not want to disturb the sleep of the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him. Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddique – may Allah be pleased with him – was prepared to sacrifice his life for the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – in the cave while migrating to Madina Shareef. (Miraatul Manaajih)
Both acts in today’s time would seem unusual. One is sacrificing his Salaah, the other is sacrificing his life and we are told to protect our life. We are told not to deliberately put our lives at risk because we would be guilty of suicide. Yet, these stars of Islam clearly knew that they were not doing this for any ordinary person. They were performing these acts in the name of the greatest creation of Allah! The true meaning of Imaan is being enacted in these incidents.
Why are there different categories of reward!
Question: Sometimes one is rewarded ten times, sometimes seventy times and sometimes even more. Why is this?
Answer: One of the reasons could be the actual state of the person’s intention and the circumstances surrounding this good deed.
The more sincere the intention, obviously, the more reward. It is said that a small charity given by the blessed companions is even more in weight than a mountain compared to us giving charity. In other words, their handful of charity is more valuable than us giving an entire mountain of gold in charity! The simple reason is that their intention was extremely sincere compared to our intention.
Circumstances were also different. They enjoyed the blessed company of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him.
In regard to them, the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has declared that, “Do not speak ill of my companions. If you give charity equal to the mountain of Uhud, it will not even reach a Mudd weight in measure or even half of it.” (Bukhari Shareef)
What is Mudd or Saa’ weight?
A Prophetic Saa’ ( صاع ) is not a weight measurement. It was and still is a measurement of volume, similar to the size of a large salad bowl. It is made up of four Mudds, and a Mudd ( مد ) is a smaller container, close to the size of a small salad bowl. To be precise, a Prophetic Mudd in modern volume measurements is .75L (or 750ml).
Circumstances or environment also determines the Thawaab
The reward for Salah in Masjidul Haram:
Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has stated that, “One single Salaah in the Masjidul Haram, is better than one hundred thousand Salaah.” (Musnad Imam Ahmed)
The reward of a good deed in Masjidun Nabawi Shareef and Masjidul Aqsa:
Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has declared that, “Performing Salaah in this Masjid of mine, except for Masjidul Haram is superior than a thousand Salaah in any other Masjid. Performing Jumu’ah Salaah in this Masjid of mine except the Masjidul Haram, is superior than a thousand Jumu’ahs in any other Masjid. And to pass one Ramadaan in my Masjid except the Masjidul Haram is superior to a thousand Ramadaan in any other Masjid.” (Shuhubul Imaan)
Further explaining the circumstances and environment, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – has stated that:
“For a person to perform his Salaah in his house is equal to one single Salaah. To perform Salaah in the local Masjid is equal to twenty five Salaah. To perform Salaah in the Jaamia or Juma Masjid is equal to five hundred Salaah. And to perform Salaah in my Masjid and in Masjidul Aqsa is equal to fifty thousand Salaah. And to perform Salaah in Masjidul Haram is equal to one hundred thousand Salaah.” (Ibn Maja)
All of these examples and the examples to follow clearly highlight the Infinite Mercy of the Almighty Allah upon the Ummah of the beloved Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – and through the Wasila and Barakah of the beloved Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him. It clearly indicates and shows us the many methods and ways, the Almighty Almighty has given this Ummah the opportunity of earning maximum reward or Thawaab.
The reward of performing Salaah in Masjid-e-Quba:
- One Salaah in Masjid-e-Quba is equal to performing one Umrah. (ibn Maja)
- In another narration, performing four rak’ah of Salaah is equal to freeing a slave. (At Targheeb)
- Whosoever spends both nights of Eid in worship, for the sake of earning Thawaab, his heart will not die on that day when many hearts will die. (ibn Maja)
- Whosoever has made alive 5 nights, upon him Jannah has become Waajib. These are the 8th, 9th and 10th of Zil Hajj, the night of Eidul Fitr and the 15th of Shabaan. (At Targheeb)
- Whosoever spends the night of Qadr in Imaan and for the sake of Thawaab, his past sins would be forgiven. (Bukhaari Shareef)
- In one narration it is mentioned that his past and future sins would be forgiven. (At Targheeb)
The Thawaab of keeping fast in Shawwal:
- If a person keeps the fast of Ramadan and the six fasts of Shawwal, it is like he has kept fast the entire year. (Muslim Shareef)
- Allah Almighty has increased the reward in Ramadaan ten times and this single month is equal to ten months. The six days after Ramadaan is equal to the entire year (if one fasts in these days). (At Targeeb)
- Ramadaan is equal to ten months and Shawwal is equal to two, hence this would equal to one complete year if one fasts in the recommended period. (At Targheeb)
Fasting on the day of Arafat:
Someone once asked Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn ‘Umar – may Allah be pleased with them – about keeping fast on this day and he replied that they used to do this in the time of the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – and used to consider it as having kept fast for two years. (At Targheeb)
Again, as we have advised, the intention and the circumstances or environment also determines the reward and Thawaab which would be given to a person. Allah Almighty in His Infinite Mercy has given the Muslims numerous opportunities of achieving these blessings.