Spending to support one’s family also achieves reward (Thawaab)
عَنْ اَبِیْ اِسْحَاقَ سَعْدِ بْنِ اَبِیْ وَقَّاصٍ مَالِِکِ بْنِ اُھَیْبِ بْنِ عَبْدِ مَنَافِ بْنِ زُھْرَۃَ بْنِ کِلابِ بْنِ مُرَّۃَ بْنِ کَعْبِ بْنِ لُؤَيٍّالْقُرَشِيِّ الزُّہْرِيِّ رَضِیَ اللہُ عَنْہُ، اَحَدِالْعَشَرَۃِ الْمَشْھُوْدِ لَہُمْ بِالْجَنَّۃِ رَضِیَ اللہُ عَنْہُمْ۔قَالَ:جَائَ نِیْ رَسُوْلُ اللہِ صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ یَعُوْدُنِیْ عَامَ حَجَّۃِ الْوَدَاعِ مِنْ وَجَعٍ اِشْتَدَّبِیْ فَقُلْتُ:یَارَسُوْلَ اللہِ صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ اِنِّيْقَدْ بَلَغَ بِیْ مِنَ الْوَجَعِ مَاتَرٰی،وَاَنَا ذُوْمَالٍ وَلَایَرِثُنِيْ اِلَّا ابْنَۃٌ لِیْ،اَفَاَتَصَدَّقُ بِثُلُثَیْ مَالِیْ؟قَالَ:لَا،قُلْتُ:فَالشَّطْرُ یَارَسُوْلَ اللہِ صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ؟فَقَالَ:لَا،قُلْتُ:فَالثُّلُثُ یَارَسُوْلَ اللہِ صَلَّی اللہُ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ؟قَالَ:الثُّلُثُ وَالثُّلُثُ کَثِیْرٌ اَوْ کَبِیْرٌ اِنَّکَ اَنْ تَذَرَ وَرَثَتَکَ اَغْنِیَائَ خَیْرٌ مِنْ اَنْ تَذَرَہُمْ عَالَۃً یَتَکَفَّفُوْنَ النَّاسَ، واِنَّکَ لَنْ تُنْفِقَ نَفَقَۃً تَبْتَغِیْ بِہَا وَجْہَ اللہِ اِلَّا اُجِرْتَ عَلَیْہَا حَتّٰی مَا تَجْعَلُ فِیْ فِیِّ امْرَاَتِکَ،قَالَ: فَقُلْتُ:یَارَسُوْلَ اللہِ اُخَلَّفُ بَعْدَ اَصْحَابِیْ؟قَالَ اِنَّکَ لَنْ تُخَلَّفَ فَتَعْمَلَ عَمَلًا تَبْتَغِیْ بِہٖ وَجْہَ اللہِ اِلَّاازْدَدْتَّ بِہٖ دَرَجَۃً وَرِفْعَۃً۔وَلَعَلَّکَ اَنْ تُخَلَّفَ حَتّٰی یَنْتَفِعَ بِکَ اَقْوَامٌ وَیُضَرَّبِکَ اٰخَرُوْنَ، اللہُمَّ اَمْضِ لِاَصْحَابِیْ ہِجْرَتَہُمْ،وَلَا تَرُدَّہُمْ عَلٰی اَعْقَابِہِمْ،لٰکِنِ الْبَائِسُ سَعْدُ بْنُ خَوْلَۃَ۔یَرْثِیْ لَہٗ رَسُولُ اللہِ صَلَّی اللہُ عَلَیْہِ وَسَلَّمَ اَنْ مَاتَ بِمَکَّۃَ۔مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَیْہِ
(بخاری، کتاب الجنائز، باب رثی النبی سعد بن خولۃ، ۱/۴۳۸، حدیث:۱۲۹۵، بتغیر قلیل / مسلم،کتاب الوصیۃ،باب الوصیۃ بالثلث، ص۸۸۳، حدیث:۱۶۲۸)
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Ishaq Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, who was also given news of entering Jannah, (in other words, he is among the Ash’harah Mubashsharah) narrates:
During the Farewell Pilgrimage (Hajjatul Wadaa), Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam came to visit me. I was in extreme pain. I then asked, “O Prophet of Allah! My illness has become severe as you can see and I am also a wealthy perso. Besides a single daughter, I do not have any other person who is among my inheritors. Should I give not give away two-thirds of my wealth in charity?”
Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam replied, “No.”
I then asked, “O Prophet of Allah! Should I not give away half my wealth in charity?” Again Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam replied, “No”.
I then asked about giving away one-third and he replied that this was okay but even this was more than enough. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam advised, “Listen! It is better to leave your inheritors (or family) wealthy than to leave them in poverty. (If you leave them in poverty) they would go begging to people. Without doubt! Whatever you spend to please Allah azza wajal, you will receive its reward even merely placing a piece of food in the mouth of your wife, you will receive the reward for this.”
I then asked, “O Prophet of Allah! Will I remain behind in Hijrah, (in other words, will I leave the world at this place without returning to Madina Shareef.” (Remember that this was on the occasion of Hajjatul Wada).
Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam replied, “You will certainly not be left behind because whatever you do for the Pleasure of Allah azza wajal, your status will increase. You will also enjoy a long life until some people will achieve benefit from you and because of you, some people will experience loss”. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam then made Du’a, “O Allah! Complete the migration of my companions and do not turn away from their need and the state of Sa’ad bin Khoulah should be pitied”.
The reason that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam was displaying pity for Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’ad bin Khoulah Radi Allahu ‘Anhu was that he had passed away in Mecca and could not complete his migration to Madina Shareef.
(Bukhari and Muslim Shareef)
What is meant by Waseeyat or Will and Testament?
Allama Badrudeen Aini Radi Allahu ‘Anhu explains the issue of “Waseeyat” as, “To make someone the owner of your wealth after you die.”
In Bahareh Shariah, it is explained, “As a mark of favour to make someone the owner of your wealth or benefit after you die is considered as Waseeyat. It is considered Mustahab to make Waseeyat as long as the rights of Allah azza wajal are first complete. If the rights of Allah azza wajal are still needed to be completed and fulfilled, such as certain Salaah are still needed to be completed, or the Hajj still needs to be completed, or fasting which was supposed to have been kept but had not been done, then in this instance, it is Waajib for the person to make a Waseeyat (that these obligations be fulfilled).
Waseeyat is only applicable on one-third of one’s wealth
Allama Badrudeen Mahmud bin Ahmed Aini Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, pertaining to this same incident, explains, “Many Jurists have made this the basis for their argument on how much of a person’s wealth can be allocated within Waseeyat. The Jurists are unanimous that only one-third can be allocated as Waseeyat and not more than this. Some Jurists have even said that it is not permissible to allocate more than one-third and one can give less than this.
In the Bahareh Shariah it is explained that, “Waseeyat comes after the fulfillment of all of one’s debt. Whatever wealth is left after paying off all the debt of a person, from this, one-third can be allocated to Waseeyat. However, if all the inheritors of the person are mature and all of them give permission that more than one-third can be spent to fulfill the Waseeyat, then this permissible.”
There is no doubt that the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam is the most kind and most merciful to the creation of Allah azza wajal.
In Surah Qalam, verse 4, Allah azza wajal describes His beloved Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam as:
وَ اِنَّکَ لَعَلٰی خُلُقٍ عَظِیۡمٍ ﴿۴﴾
“And undoubtedly, you possess excellent manners.”
In Surah Taibah, verse 128, Allah azza wajal explains:
عَزِیۡزٌ عَلَیۡہِ مَاعَنِتُّمْ حَرِیۡصٌ عَلَیۡکُمۡ بِالْمُؤْمِنِیۡنَ رَءُوۡفٌ رَّحِیۡمٌ ﴿۱۲۸﴾
“Assuredly there has come to you a Messenger from among yourselves, heavy upon
him is your suffering; ardently desirous of your welfare (is he) and to Muslims (he)
is most Kind and Merciful.”
To visit the sick and ill is Sunnah
It was the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam to visit any of his beloved companions whenever they were sick and ill. He used to also pray for them and merely visiting them was considered as a tremendous blessing to them.
There is great reward in spending on your relatives
There is great reward for someone who spends on his family and relatives in matters such as food and clothing. He should have the intention that this has been made compulsory upon him by Allah azza wajal and therefore, he is obeying the Divine Command of Allah azza wajal in this regard. There is also no harm or sin in leaving Halaal sustenance or wealth for one’s children so that they do not end up begging others or become a burden on others. There is tremendous reward in giving Nafil charity to one’s relatives and a source of ultimate salvation.
Important advice to be remembered!
- Spending on your family and relatives carries a double reward.
- Spending on a poor person carries one reward whereas spending on one’s family and relatives carries two rewards. One is the reward of spending on one’s family and the second reward is giving charity.
- Merely making the intention to spend on one’s family and relatives is in itself considered as charity.
- The first wealth which would be placed on the Mizaan on the Day of Judgement to be considered would be the wealth or money one spent on one’s family and relatives.
- The most noble of spending is considered as that which is spent on one’s family, the wealth spent on one’s animal in the path of Allah azza wajal and the wealth spent on one’s companion in the path of Allah azza wajal.
Unseen Knowledge as possessed by the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam is clearly proven!
Mufti Shareeful Haq Amjadi Alaihir Rahmah has explained in Nizahatul Qari Sharah Bukhari that, “The intention of Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’ad Radi Allahu ‘Anhu asking this question about his illness was to find out whether he would die of his illness at this place, (Mecca). In other words, he did not wish to die in Mecca after having already migrated to Madina Shareef. However, to calm his fears, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam calmly informed him that he would recover from this illness. He would continue to live. He would continue to perform good deeds and through this, his status would be elevated. There will be some who would receive benefit and advantage from his existence and there would be some who would suffer or experience loss and disadvantage through him.”
His daughter, Sayyidah Ayesha Radi Allahu ‘Anha, reports that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam then placed his blessed hand on the forehead of Hadrat Sa’ad Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, thereafter upon his face and stomach. He then made Du’a, “O Allah! Please give Sa’ad Shifa (cure) and allow him to complete his migration”. Hadrat Sa’ad Radi Allahu ‘Anhu reports that, “I have always felt the coolness of those blessed hands”.
Interestingly, Hadrat Sa’ad Radi Allahu ‘Anhu lived another forty five to forty seven years after this incident. This incident took place in the 10th year of Hijrah and he is said to have lived until 55th Hijrih or 57th Hijrih. Iran was conquered under his leadership. This proves that the Muslims were blessed with his presence and took advantage over this while the Iranians suffered loss through him. Also, while he was Governor of Iraq, some people became heretics and after capturing them, he advised them to make Taubah or seek repentance. Some among them heeded his call and were forgiven while those who remained adamant were killed. Again, this proves that some achieved benefit through his presence while some people suffered loss by not listening to his advise.
During the Hajjatul Wada or Farewell Pilgrimage, he only had this one daughter, Sayyidah Ayesha Radi Allahu ‘Anha, who also happened to be a blessed female companion. However, after this incident, he had many children.
It is said that he had seventeen sons and seventeen daughters. Two daughters were named Ayesha. One of them was among the Ashaab and the other daughter was among the Taabi’een. She was also an eminent individual in her time and was among those blessed people from whom even Hadrat Imam Maalik Radi Allahu ‘Anhu is said to have reported from.
(abridged – Nuzhatul Qari).
The Blessed Ten who were given news of Jannah in this world!
There are many blessed companions who were given news of Paradise while they lived, however, the Blessed Ten or Ash’harah Mubasharah were those blessed ten people who were named collectively by the Holy Prophet Sallal Laahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam at one single sitting in the Masjid and given the good news of entering Paradise.
They are: Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddique Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar Farouk Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman Ghani Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali ibn Abi Taalib Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, Hadrat Sayyiduna Talha bin Ubaidullah Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, Hadrat Sayyiduna Zubair bin Al Awwaam Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdur Rahman bin Auf Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, Hadrat Sayyiduna Sa’ad bin abi Waqqas Radi Allahu ‘Anhu, Hadrat Sayyiduna Saeed bin Zayd Radi Allahu ‘Anhu and Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah bin Al Jarrah Radi Allahu ‘Anhu.
Important advise for Muslims
- It is Sunnah to visit the sick and ill.
- Before undertaking any task or work, it is necessary that one seeks the advise of someone more learned.
- Any good work performed with the intention of pleasing Allah azza wajal becomes a means and source of obedience to Allah azza wajal.
- To provide food and shelter to one’s relatives and family is a source of great reward. In the same manner, to leave something behind for one’s family so that they do not become beggars is also a source of great reward.
- Wealth acquired through Halaal means and spent on good deeds and works is considered as noble wealth and vice versa.
- A person who has inheritors is not allowed to distribute more than 1/3 of his wealth in the form Waseeyat. If he does not have any inheritors, then he may do as he pleases. If his inheritors on the other hand, do agree that more than 1/3 can be distributed as Waseeyat, then this is permissible.