Download PDF: Jumaadul Ukhra – The 6th Month of Islamic Calendar
The reason for keeping this name was due to it being the ending of the season when water froze.
The following incidents took place in this month:
- On the first of this month, Jibraeel Ameen appeared before the Holy Prophet peace be upon him.
- On the 22nd of this month in 13 A.H. Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy on him was elected as a Caliph.
- On the 9th of this month, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Jafer Saadiq May Allah have mercy on him was born.
- On the 14th of this month, Hadrat Moosa bin Jafer May Allah have mercy on him was also born.
- On the 15th of this month, Hadrat Sayyiduna ibn Zubair May Allah have mercy on him dropped the Kaba shareef and rebuilt it according to its original foundation as it was preserved in the time of Nabi Ebrahim alaihis salaam.
- On the 20th of this month, the blessed daughter of the Holy Prophet peace be upon him, Hadrat Sayyidah Fatimah Zahra May Allah have mercy on her was born.
Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy on him
Many months before he could pass away, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy on him already knew that the person who would be able to carry the responsibility of Khilafah would be Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy on him. Hence, before he could pass away, he called a meeting with some of the most eminent Ashaab and discussed this issue. The first person he called was Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdur Rahman bin Auf May Allah have mercy on him who stated that, “There is no doubt in the qualities and qualifications of Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy on him but his attitude is extremely stern and severe.” However, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy on him replied, “The reason he is like this is because I am extremely soft. When this mighty position is given to him, he would become soft.”
When he asked Hadrat Sayyiduna Uthman Ghani May Allah have mercy on him for his opinion, the eminent companion replied, “There is no doubt that his inner being is more supreme than his outer being and there is no one comparable to him among us.”
When this announcement was made, there were a few people who still had reservations and one of them was Hadrat Sayyiduna Talha May Allah have mercy on him. They also made it clear that he was extremely severe in his behavior and they had no idea what would happen to them if this decision was made. He also made it clear to Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy on him that he was going to meet the Creator azza wa jall and that he would be questioned about his decision. However, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy on him replied, “When I am questioned about this, I will mention in the Divine Court of Allah azza wa jall that I had left the best among them to be in charge of them”. After saying this, he then instructed Hadrat Sayyiduna Uthman Ghani May Allah have mercy on him to record his final decision.
He then placed his official stamp on this instruction and announced this publicly. He then called Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy on him one side and gave him instructions and advice on what should be done and what his behavior should be.
(As Sawaa’iq al Muhriqah 87)
The blessed birth of Hadrat Sayyidah Fatimah May Allah have mercy on her.
She was born just five years before the Holy Prophet peace be upon him announced his Prophet hood.
She is also the youngest of his blessed daughters. The name Fatimah is extracted from the word Fatam which signifies something which is far or distanced. At the same time, the Almighty azza wa jall had blessed her by keeping her and her blessed family far from the fire of Hell, hence this name was chosen. Among her titles are the following:
Butool – This is extracted from the root word “batal” which signifies something unique or special. She was also someone special and unique among the other females of her time and she was also someone who had distanced herself from everyone except the Almighty azza wa jall in her daily living.
Zahra – This signifies someone who was reddish white in complexion. As we have already said that since she was extremely pretty, hence this title was given.
Zaakiyah or Raadiyah – This is also among her titles. She was the closest to the Holy Prophet peace be upon him in her behavior, attitude in her daily life. Whenever, she approached the Holy Prophet peace be upon him, he used to stand up in respect for her, hold her hands and kiss her on her forehead. He used to also make her sit on his place. When he used to visit her, she used to stand with respect and holding his blessed hands also made him sit where she was sitting and also kissed him on his forehead.
She was married to Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali May Allah have mercy on him and bore the great children:
Hadrat Imam Hasan
Hadrat Imam Husain
Sayyidah Umme Kulsum
Sayyidah Ruqayyah (May Allah have mercy on them).
Hadrat Mohsin and Sayyidah Rukayyah May Allah have mercy on them passed away while they were small.
Sayyidah Zainab May Allah have mercy on her was married to Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Jafer May Allah have mercy on him and Sayyidah Umme Kulsum May Allah have mercy on her was married to Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar May Allah have mercy on him. She is also considered as the leader of females of Jannah.
Hadrat Sayyiduna Huzayfah May Allah have mercy on him narrates that, “Once, I took permission from my mother to approach the Holy Prophet peace be upon him so that he could make dua for me and my mother and seek pardon for us. I then performed Maghrib behind the Holy Prophet peace be upon him and when he was walking towards his house, I also followed him. When he heard my footsteps, he asked, “Is it Huzayfah?” I replied, “Yes” He then asked me, “What is your need? The Almighty azza wa jall has already pardoned you and your mother. Just now an Angel approached me who had never appeared before and he had come with the Divine Permission of the Almighty azza wa jall. After making salaam to me, he declared, “Fatimah is the leader of the ladies in Jannah and Hasan and Husain are the leaders of the young people in Jannah.”
(Mishkaat shareef. 571)
It is mentioned that once, the brother of Abu Jahl, namely Haarith bin Hishaam wished that the daughter of Abu Jahl whose name was Ghourah, to marry Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali May Allah have mercy on him. This was then brought to the attention of the Holy Prophet peace be upon him. However, the Holy Prophet peace be upon him did not give permission for this marriage and also displayed extreme displeasure at this suggestion. He declared, “I cannot make something which is Halal into Haraam and cannot make something which is Haram into Halal. The daughter of the enemy of Allah azza wa jall and the daughter of a friend of Allah azza wa jall cannot reside in one place”. When Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali May Allah have mercy on him heard this, he also approached the Holy Prophet peace be upon him and apologized for this suggestion.
(Ash’ atul Lama’aat. 4/685)
The Holy Prophet peace be upon him also stood on the mimbar and declared, “Fatimah is from me and a part of me. He who makes her angry, it is as if he has made me angry.” In another narration, it is mentioned that he declared, ‘Those things make me sad which make Fatimah sad and those things trouble me which trouble Fatimah.”
(Mishkaat shareef. 568)
Abu Ayyub narrates that the Holy Prophet peace be upon him has stated that, “On the day of Qiyamah, a caller will call out, “O people of Mehsher! lower your heads and gaze so that Fatimah, the blessed daughter of the Holy Prophet peace be upon him may pass on Pulsiraat. She will pass by everyone with seventy thousand maidens from Jannah (as swift as a) bolt of lightning”.
Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Jafer Sadiq May Allah have mercy on him
Among his titles is “Abu Abdillah” and also “Abu Ismail”. His famous title is obviously “Sadiq”. His mother’s name is Umme Farwah binte Qasim bin Mohammed bin Abu Bakr Siddique May Allah have mercy on them. The mother of Sayyidah Farwah May Allah have mercy on her was Sayyidah Asma binte Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr Siddique May Allah have mercy on them.
This is one of the reasons that the great Imam once stated that, “I was born twice from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy on him”.
He was born in Madina shareef. There is also a difference of opinion on his actual date of birth. Allamah Zakariyah bin Mohammed Qazweeni May Allah have mercy on him in the “Ajaaibul Makhluqaat” states that it was on the 9th of Jumaadul Ukhra and Hadrat Abdur Rahman Jami Hanafi May Allah have mercy on him who is also a Siddique in “Shawaahidun Nubuwah” says that he was born in the last ten days of Rabi ul Awwal.
He was also buried in Jannatul Baqi and in this blessed grave site, his father Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Baqir May Allah have mercy on him is also buried and also his grandfather, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Zainul Aabideen May Allah have mercy on him. Also in this blessed grave site, his paternal grandfather, Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan May Allah have mercy on him is buried. It is also mentioned that Imam Jafer Sadiq May Allah have mercy on him had immense knowledge and something which no one could encompass. It is also mentioned that Imam Abu Hanifa May Allah have mercy on him spent a few months in his blessed company and achieved immense knowledge from the great Imam.
Some of his miracles
It is said that once the khalifah, Mansur Abbasi called him to his court to question him. When he was presented in the court of khalifah, the khalifah said, “May Almighty azza wa jall destroy me if I am creating any fitnah through any unjust means. However, I am accusing you that you are creating fitnah and wish that Muslims spill blood among themselves.”
Imam Jafer Sadiq May Allah have mercy on him replied, “I have never meant this and neither has any of my actions revealed something like this. If this type of news has reached your court, then it is only the work of someone who wishes to create mischief. If this is the case, my advice to you is the same as it happened to Nabi Yusuf alaihis salaam and the injustice which was committed by his brothers. In the end, he also forgave his brothers. When Nabi Ayyub alaihis salaam was overtaken with illness, he also displayed patience and when Nabi Sulyaman alaihis salaam was given immense power, he also gave thanks to Allah azza wa jall. These were all Prophets and your family lineage also joins this blessed lineage”.
When khalifah Mansur heard these words, he replied, “You are speaking the truth.” He then made the great Imam sit next to him on the throne and informed him that a certain person had revealed this news to him. The khalifah then asked for this person to be brought forward. When this person was brought forward, the khalifah asked him whether he had heard these words from the great Imam. The person replied that yes, he had and when he was asked to swear on this, he also swore in the name of Allah azza wa jall. However, when the great Imam swore on the Name of the Almighty azza wa jall that he was innocent of this accusation, this person began to tremble and fell dead on the floor. Khalifah Mansur informed his servants that this person should be dragged out of the court and thrown to outside.
(Shawaahidun Nubuwah. 328)
On another day, Khalifah Mansur instructed that the great Imam be killed before he reached his court. However, on that day, the great Imam arrived in the court of the khalifah even before he was called. He then came and sat next to the khalifah. The khalifah called the servants in the court and they were shocked to see the great Imam already sitting next to the khalifah. When the great Imam had left, the khalifah called his servants, “What did I command you people to do?”
They replied, “We swear by Allah azza wa jall we did not even see him coming to the palace and we did not even see him leaving the palace. All we saw for that few seconds was that he was sitting next to you.”
A person narrates that once he was walking with the great Imam on the streets of Makkah shareef. We walked past an elderly woman in front of whom, there was a dead cow. This family was also highly stressed because it was their only cow. When the great Imam saw their concern, he asked the lady whether she wanted the cow to come alive again. Because she was highly stressed, she asked him not to joke at their problems. The great Imam then raised his hands and made dua and also touched the head and feet of this cow. He then called this cow and it immediately stood up and came towards him. Thereafter, the great Imam continued to walk among the crowd. The old lady did not recognize who he was.
Another person narrates that, “We were once travelling with the great Imam for Hajj. On the journey, we stopped at an old and dry date tree. The great Imam began to read something which I could not understand. Suddenly, he turned to this dry date tree and said, ‘The sustenance which Allah azza wa jall has kept in you for us, please give us that sustenance.’ I then saw this wild tree bow to the great Imam and its branches were full of dates. He then said to me, ‘Come to me and eat after reading Bismillah.’ I then followed his instructions and ate the dates. They were such sweet dates which I had never eaten before. At that place, there was also a Bedouin present. When he saw this miracle, he said, ‘I have never seen such magic before.’
However, the great Imam replied, “we are the inheritors of the Prophets, we are not magicians or fortune tellers. Whatever dua we make, the Almighty azza wa jall accepts that dua. If you wish, our dua can also change your appearance and you will become a dog.” Since this Bedouin was an utter jahil, he challenged the great Imam and said, “Yes, you can make dua if you so wish.” When the great Imam raised his blessed hands, this person instantly became a dog and started to run towards his house. The great Imam then looked at me and asked me to follow this person. As I followed this person, he entered his house and when he stood in front of his family, he began to shake his tail as a dog would normally do. However, his family chased him away with a stick. I then approached the great Imam and revealed what I had seen. At that moment, this person also arrived in the form of a dog. He then placed his head on the floor in front of the great Imam and his eyes were full of tears. The great Imam then made dua for him and he once again turned into a human. The great Imam then asked this person whether he was now convinced. The Bedouin replied, “I do not believe this once, but I believe in (this truth of yours) a million times over.”
(Shawaahidun Nubuwah. 333)
The Nafil in the month of Jamaadi ul Ukhrah
On the first day of this month, one should read four rakats of Salah, in each rakah, after the Surah Fatiha, he should read Surah Ikhlaas thirteen times. One who does this, there is a hundred thousand reward is recorded for him and a hundred thousand sins are pardoned.
There is also another Nafil which used to be performed by Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr May Allah have mercy on him. He used to read twelve rakats of Salah in the first night of this month and there was no condition of a specific Surah which was read (i.e. any Surah would suffice as required in other Salahs).