الاماں قہر ہے اے غوث وہ تیکھا تیرا
مرکے بھی چین سے سوتا نہیں مارا تیرا
Al Amaan qher heh ae Ghous wo teekha tera
Mar keh bhi chain seh sota nahin maaraa tera
Al Amaan – the safety of Allah (azza wa jall) or may Allah (azza wa jall) protect us.
Qher – overpower, anger, wrath.
Teekha – swift, effective.
O Ghous Paak! May Allah (azza wa jall) protect us from your anger and wrath because that person whom you are angry with, even after death, that person will still not get peace! The great Saint is a reflection of the Divine Wrath of Allah (azza wa jall). It is said that at one point, his anger and wrath was to such a degree that whenever someone took his name or addressed him without Wudu, that person immediately suffered from Divine retribution. However, later in life, this was lifted and decreased.
This can be gleamed from the following incident. One day, while he was lecturing to hundreds of people, it began to rain. People began to disperse due to this and in anger, the great Saint looked at the cloud and declared, “I am trying to gather the people and you are dispersing them.” It is said that the rain immediately stopped.
One day, a scorpion appeared in his house, when he saw this, he declared, “O dangerous animal die!” It immediately died in front of him. When he saw this, he became concerned and gave his servant one of his belonging to sell and give the money away as charity and for a long time after that, he kept reading the Istighfaar.
Someone once asked him the meaning of a Wali, he replied, “A Wali is that person who if he says something to die, it will die.” At that moment, an eagle was flying past and it fell dead at his feet. He then looked at it and declared, “I did not address you.” He then continued, “A Wali of Allah (azza wa jall) is also that person if he says something to come alive, it will come alive.” Suddenly the eagle came alive and flew away!
Once during his lecture, an eagle flew overhead and was making a loud sound while people were listening intently to the lecture. He then declared, “O Wind! grab hold of its head” Suddenly the eagle fell at his feet headless. He then approached the eagle and after reciting the Bismillah, he passed his blessed hands over this eagle.
فَحَیَّتْ بِاِذْنِ اللّٰہِ تَعَالٰی وَطَارَتْ وَالنَّاسُ یُشَاھِدُوْنَ ذٰلِکَ
The eagle again came alive by the command of Allah and in front of everyone, it flew away.
(Hayaatul Haywaan Vol. 1, p. 140)
Another leader of those who oppose saying “Ya Ghous” namely Anwar Shah Kashmeri in his book Fayzul Bari a commentary of Bukhari shareef, admits that, “It is permissible to say “Ya Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Shay an lillah.”
In the same way, Rashid Ahmed Gangohi and Ashraf Ali Thanwi in Fatawah Rasheediya and Imdaadul Fatawah respectively have both said that this wazeefah is permissible. As a matter of fact, this same Ashraf Ali was also in the habit of seeking help from Rashid Gangohi. In Tazkiratur Rasheed, he is reported to have said, “O my Sayyid! (meaning Rashid Gangohi), please give me something, you are able to give me something and I am seeking from you.” This same Ashraf Ali in his Dawat-e-Abdiyat again says that, “One cannot refute the attention of the Saints, without doubt, with their attention (on someone), one can achieve many things.” A leader of the Ahle Hadith, namely Nawab Hasan Phopali says that, “The spiritual blessing of Hadrat Ghous Paak because he is on the position of Qutbiyat Uzmah (the supreme Qutub), is prevalent in everything hidden and apparent and upon man and jinn”.
After presenting all of this from the books of those who openly refute the status of Hadrat Ghous Paak until today, what can we further say?
بادلوں سے کہیں رکتی ہے کڑکتی بجلی
ڈھالیں چھنٹ جاتی ہیں اٹھتا ہے جو تیغا تیرا
Baa dilo seh rukti heh kirkati bijli
dha haale chant jaati he ut thata heh taygha tera
Kirkati bijli – That lighting which has a terrifying sound
Dha haal – shield
Chanti -to cut or severe.
Taygha – small sword.
O Ghous Paak! Without doubt, those people who are jealous of you and are your enemies, in reality, they are weak and weak in heart. Even if they are threatened by a small sword of yours, they would not be able to cope with this also. Their weak shields would break into pieces. As a matter of fact, their attack is like a mere cloud which makes a sound, while your sword is like a mighty rain. If this is the state of your small sword, what must be the state of your real attack or your large sword.
Allamah Abdul Qadir Arbali (rehmatullah alaihi) narrates that once a lady who was a mureed of the great Saint was travelling through a mountainous area when a person wanted to attack her. This female immediately called out to the great Saint in the following words:
اَلْغِیَاثُ یَا غَوْثُ الْاَعْظَمُ اَلْغِیَاثُ یَا غَوْثَ الثَّقَلَیْنِ
اَلْغِیَاثُ یَا شَیْخُ مُحِیُّ الدِّیْنِ اَلْغِیَاثُ یَا سَیِّدِیْ عَبْدُ الْقَادِرِ
“Al Ghiyaas Ya Ghousal Azam, Al Ghiyaas Ya Ghousas Saqalain, Al Ghiyaas Ya Mohyudeen, Al Ghiyaas Ya Sayyidi Abdul Qadir”.
At that moment, the great Saint was making Wudu. He immediately picked up his sandals and threw it towards the direction of the mountain. At that precise moment:
وَصَلَ النَّعْلَانِ اِلٰی رَاْسِہٖ وَصَارَا یَضْرِبَانِ رَاْسَہٗ حَتّٰی مَاتَ
The sandals landed on the head of the attacker and began to rain down on his head to such a degree that he died on the spot.
عکس کا دیکھ کے منھ اور بپھر جاتا ہے
چار آئینہ کے بل کا نہیں نیزا تیرا
Aks ka dhek keh muh aur bhe par jaata heh.
Char aa’inah keh bal ka nahin nezah tera.
Aks – shadow or a reflection.
Bhe par na – to become angry.
Char aa’inah – a coat of armour.
Bal – strength.
O Ghous Paak! When an enemy comes in front of you as an opposition, then your lance or spear is able to attack with such severity, that even the most secure of armour cannot cope with this and is broken into pieces.
Many Awliya have explained some of the miracles attached to only his names and titles. It is said that his name is a very potent weapon against Jinnaat as well and to protect oneself against their attack. In Qalaaidul Jawaahir, it is mentioned that once a person called some Jinns through some spiritual reading and they delayed coming to him. When they finally arrived, this person asked them the reason for their delay. They replied that when they are in the blessed company of Hadrat Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu), he should not call them. When he asked them whether they also attended his blessed gathering, they replied:
اِنَّ اِزْدِحَامَنَا بِمَجْلِسِہٖ اَشَدُّ مِنْ اِزْدِحَامِ الْاِنْسِ وَ اِنَّ طَوَائِفَ مِنَّا کَثِیْرَۃٌ اَسْلَمَتْ وَتَابَتْ عَلٰی یَدِہٖ
“More of us attend his gathering than even humans and many Jinns have sought repentance at his blessed hands.”
It is mentioned that one of the Jinns who heard the Quran and accepted Islam in the valley of Nakhlah during the time of the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) and are mentioned in Surah Jinn and Surah Ahqaaf, one jinn amongst them also had the opportunity of meeting the great Saint once.
Once a young daughter of his mureed was taken away by a Jinn while she slept on the roof. When this person asked the great Saint for help, he immediately instructed the King of the Jinns to return this young girl and to also punish the perpetrator. When this mureed delivered the message of the great Saint to the Jinns, they all stood up in respect and not only returned his daughter, but also beheaded this Jinn who had committed this crime. It is said that this Jinn lived in China.
(Safeenatul Awliya – Khazeenatul Asfiyah).
کوہ سر مکھ ہو تو اِک وار میں دو پر کالے
ہاتھ پڑتا ہی نہیں بھول کے اوچھا تیرا
Ko heh sar mukh ho to ik waar me do par kaa leh
Haat par ta hi nahin bhol keh ucha tera
Ko heh – mountain and could also mean a powerful and mischievous Jinn.
Sar mukh – equal to a strand of hair. It is a Hindi word.
Waar – loss.
Do par kaa leh – two pieces.
Bhol keh – unintentionally.
O Hadrat Ghous Paak! Even if a powerful Jinn as powerful as a mountain challenges you, in one blow, you would make that entity into two pieces. It could also mean that even something as powerful as a mountain could be defeated by the great saint with something as little as a strand of hair.
Another story in this regard is mentioned about an Islamic scholar in Baghdad shareef who killed a snake one day without realizing that it was the son of the King of Jinns. Obviously, this person thought it was a harmful snake and had every right to have it killed. He did not realize though that it was in fact a Jinn in the guise of a snake. This scholar was then brought in front of the King of Jinns and he was ordered to be beheaded.
At that moment, this scholar who was also a mureed of the great Saint silently remembered his great Shaikh. Suddenly a bright light appeared from nowhere and declared to these Jinns that this scholar was the mureed of the great Saint and that if they killed him, there would be severe consequences for them. This unintentional killing of the King’s son was then pardoned out of respect for Hadrat Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu). As a matter of fact, so much of respect was then shown to this Islamic scholar that he was requested to actually perform the Janaza salah of this Jinn and to then make Dua for the deceased Jinn. This scholar was then given a special gown as a gift and when he returned, his students were surprised at this.
اس پہ یہ قہر کہ اب چاند مخالف تیرے
چاہتے ہیں کہ گھٹا دیں کہیں پایہ تیرا
Iss peh yeh qher keh aab chand mukhaa lif tereh
Cha te he keh ghataa deh kehin payaa tera
Qher – oppression.
Ghataa deh – lower.
Payaa – state and rank.
O Hadrat Ghous Paak! Those who wish and those who strive to lower your dignity, state and rank, this in itself becomes a calamity for them. It must be remembered that this state and rank given to the Awliya is something which has been given to them by the Almighty (azza wa jall), hence, disrespecting them and trying to lower their esteem and status, is actually fighting against the Almighty (azza wa jall). This is the reason why the Almighty (azza wa jall) has declared that:
مَنْ عَادٰی لِیْ وَلِیًّا فَقَدْ اٰذَنْتُہٗ بِالْحَرْبِ
“He who has enmity for my Wali (friend), I have declared war on that person.”
عقل ہوتی تو خدا سے نہ لڑائی لیتے
یہ گھٹائیں، اسے منظور بڑھانا تیرا
Aqal ho ti to Khuda seh nah laraa’i leteh.
Yeh ghataa eh useh manzur bar haana tera
Laraa’i – to fight
Ghataa eh- to lower
Useh – Allah (azza wa jall).
Manzur – purpose and intent.
Bar haana – to raise or to elevate.
O Ghous Paak! If these enemies of yours had a little intelligence or something which could be described as intelligence, they would not try to lower your status and dignity and thereby actually start a war with the Almighty (azza wa jall)! The reason is that they wish to lower the great Saint and yet the Almighty (azza wa jall) intends to elevate his status, therefore, in essence, this has become a war between the attackers of the great Saint and the Almighty (azza wa jall)!
Many such idiots have died whose final moments were a lesson for those around them. Sometimes, this person’s face became disfigured, he lost his legs mysteriously and recently there was another individual who died in Dubai and whose features also changed just before death. As a matter of fact, it did not matter how much of Attar, they put on him, they could still not hide the foul stench coming from him.
وَرَفَعْنَا لَکَ ذِکْرَکْ کا ہے سایہ تجھ پر
بول بالا ہے ترا ذکر ہے اُونچا تیرا
Wa rafa’na laka zik rak ka heh saayah tujh par.
Bolaa baala heh tera zikr heh unchaa tera.
Sayaah – reflection or shadow.
Bool and balaa – eminent praise.
O Hadrat Ghous Paak! The Almighty (azza wa jall) has indeed elevated and raised the zikr of his beloved Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) and since you are the reflection of his Prophetic mercy and because you are following in his blessed footsteps, through the wasila of the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) your status, rank and respect has also been raised and elevated.
It is reported that once the great Saint presented himself in front of the Jaali Mubaarak and read out a few couplets which meant, “Before this, my soul used to arrive and present my greetings. Today, however, I am physically present. Please reveal your blessed hand so that I could bless myself with kissing it.” Suddenly, the blessed hand of the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) was seen by everyone. The great Saint then kissed the blessed hand and placed the blessed hand over his head. Other great saints in Islam have also been blessed in this manner such as Imam Azam, Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Shafi, Imam Syed Ahmed Rifaa’i (radi Allahu anhum) and also recently, the great Mujaddid, Imam Ahmed Raza (radi Allahu anhu).
مٹ گئے مٹتے ہیں مِٹ جائیں گے اعدا تیرے
نہ مٹا ہے نہ مٹے گا کبھی چرچا تیرا
Mit gha yeh mitteh he mit jaa eh gheh ‘adaa tere
Na mitaa heh nah mitteh ghah kabhi char cha tera.
Mit jaa na – finish, become extinct or to be destroyed.
‘Adaa – enemies
Char cha – fame or publicity.
O Ghous Paak! In every generation and era, your enemies have become dishonoured and disgraced. However, your fame and greatness has always increased and spread far and wide and become like a bright sun on the horizon of Wilaayat or Sainthood. There are many people who read this couplet in praise of the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) and rightly so, however, it must also be understood that praising the great Saint with such words as well, is also praising his beloved grandfather (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam). It must also be understood that all the greatness of the great Saint is through the wasila of the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam).
The famous story is mentioned in Akhbaarul Akhyaar where the blessed saliva of the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) and thereafter the blessed saliva of the Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali (radi Allahu anhu) was placed on his tongue and it was only after this, that he began to reveal the ocean of knowledge which was hidden within him. In each gathering, over seventy thousand people attended. (Bear in mind that there was no high tech sound system in those days, yet, everyone personally heard his every word).
Even those outside Baghdad shareef drew a circle around them and made their mureeds and followers sit within this circle and they also heard the lecture of the great Saint. If one remembers the Hadith-e-Qudsi mentioned earlier where it is explained that the Almighty (azza wa jall) becomes the Power through which they speak, through which they walk, through which they touch, through which they listen etc. It becomes easier to understand how this great Saint was able to speak to so many people all at once. Perhaps this is the reason why the TV and other satellite instruments have been created by man. Maybe it is to teach people a lesson that if these man-made objects could broadcast at once to so many millions of people around the world, imagine the power of those who are blessed by the Almighty (azza wa jall)! It is mentioned that over five thousand Christians made Taubah at his hands and over a hundred thousand people sought repentance for their evil ways at his blessed hands.
(Qalaaidul Jawaahir, Akhbaarul Akhyaar).
Even a sceptic like ibn Jouzi used to go into spiritual ecstasy when listening to the great Saint.
تو گھٹائے سے کسی کے نہ گھٹا ہے نہ گھٹے
جب بڑھائے تجھے اللہ تعالیٰ تیرا
Tu gha taa eh seh kissi keh nah gha taa heh nah ghateh.
Jab baraa heh tujhe Allah Ta’ala tera.
Ghat na- to decrease.
Barhaanah – to increase.
O King of the Awliya! No matter how much a person may try to lower and decrease your status and rank, he will fall down on his face in hopelessness because every day, the Almighty (azza wa jall) continues to increase and elevate your status, respect and position. The founders of each spiritual silsilah or spiritual order were leaders of their own specific silsilah, yet, Hadrat Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu) is the leader of all silsilahs and through him, all silsilahs receive their spiritual blessing. We notice that everywhere in the world, the celebration of Giyaarwi shareef continues to increase day by day which is proof that the great Saint and his remembrance is increasing on a daily basis.
The Qaderi silsilah
The great Saint has given surety that whosoever is his mureed until the day of judgement that they will never pass away without making Taubah for their sins.
(Qalaaidul Jawaahir, Akhbaarul Akhyaar).
In Qalaaidul Jawaahir, it is mentioned by Shaikh Ali bin Hayti (rehmatullah alaihi) that, “No mureed of any spiritual leader can ever be like the mureed of Hadrat Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu)”.
The great Saint has also declared that, “Until the day of Judgement, whichever of my friends, my mureeds and my beloved make mistakes, I will hold him by his hand”.
سمِّ قاتل ہے خدا کی قسم اُن کا اِنکار
منکرِ فضل حضور آہ یہ لکھا تیرا
Sammeh Qaatil heh Khuda ki qasam un ka inkaar.
Munkir-e-Fadl Huzur! Ae yeh leka tera
Sammeh qaatil – lethal poison which kills.
Inkaar – refute.
Munkir – someone who refutes.
Fadl – excellence.
Huzur – a word which signifies addressing someone in respect.
Ae – a word which signifies sadness and shock
Leka – destiny
O my Leader Hadrat Ghous Paak! Your enemy is such an enemy of his own self that it seems he has drunk a dangerous poison with his own hands. As for those who refute you, they are refuting that person whose greatness and status has been accepted by the greatest savants of their day such as ibn Hajr Asqalani, Shaikh Yusuf Nabhaani, Taajul Aarifeen Abul Wafa, Moulana Jaami, Mulla Ali Qari etc. (rehmatullah alaihim).
میرے سیاف کے خنجر سے تجھے باک نہیں
چیر کر دیکھے کوئی آہ کلیجا تیرا
Mereh siyyaaf keh khanjar seh tujhe baak nahin
Chir kar dekhe koi ae kalijah tera
Siyyaaf – swordsman.
Khanjar – large dagger.
Baak – fear.
Chir kar – tear open.
Kalijah – heart.
O the enemies of Hadrat Ghous Paak! Outwardly, it looks to you like there is no danger to you in going against Hadrat Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu). However, if only someone could tear open your hearts and look at it, they would be able to see how black and torn apart with fear it is.
This couplet is an explanation of the statement of the great Saint where he has declared, “I am a skilled swordsman, able to destroy those who oppose me and able to change the inner condition (of someone)”. It is reported that once nearly a hundred jurists approached the great Saint to question him on various aspects of Shariah. He then lowered his head and suddenly a bright light appeared from his chest and then entering the chest of each scholar present, immediately removed whatever knowledge they possessed. They all began to weep and then threw away their turbans and tore open their clothes. The great Saint then sat on his position of authority and whatever questions or queries they had, he answered each one of them without them revealing a single thing! They had no option but to accept wholeheartedly the amazing status of the great Saint.
(Tabqaat-e-Kubra- Jamia Karamaat-e-Awliya, Shaikh Nabhaani).
Imam She’raani (rehmatullah alaihi) explains that, “When the Islamic verdict, (Fatawah) of the great Saint was placed in front of the Ulama of Iraq, they became extremely amazed at his vast ocean of knowledge. They used to also declare, “Glory be to Allah (azza wa jall) who has blessed you such knowledge.”
Once a person took an oath that if he could not perform such a special form of Ibaadah which no one in the world was performing at that moment, then his wife would be given a divorce. The Ulama could not answer this and when this was brought to the attention of the great Saint, he calmly replied, “Clear the area where the people make tawaf around the Kaba and allow this person to make tawaf alone. In this manner, his marriage would be saved and his oath would be fulfilled”.
The great Saint also taught students and issued Fatawah for nearly thirty three years.
(Akhbaarul Akhyaar, Qalaaidul Jawaahir).
ابنِ زہرا سے ترے دل میں ہیں یہ زہر بھرے
بل بے او منکرِ بے باک یہ زہرا تیرا
Ibn Zahra seh tereh dil meh heh yeh zehr bhareh.
Bal beh au munkir! be baak yeh zuhra tera.
Ibn – son
Zahra – The title of the beloved daughter of the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) namely Sayyidah Fatimah (radi Allahu anha). Since the great Saint is a Hasani and Husaini Sayed, hence he is referred to as ibn Zahra.
Zehr – hatred and enmity.
Bal beh – signifies surprise. In other words, such self conceit and pride.
Au – a word signifying calling to someone with contempt.
Munkir – a person who refutes.
Beh baak – without fear.
Zuhra – strength, bravery.
O those who refute the greatness of my master, Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu)! You have no knowledge that he is indeed the light of the eye of Sayyidah Faatimah (radi Allahu anha) and in spite of this, O that person who has self-pride, you actually have enmity in your heart for the great Saint? Indeed you must be very brave? In summary, if certain disbelievers in spite of having seen the miracles at the hands of the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) still did not believe in him, yet, after knowing that this great Saint is a Hasani and Husaini Sayed and amazing miracles appeared through his hands, you still do not believe in him, it is indeed a tragedy and surprise!
بازِ اشہب کی غلامی سے یہ آنکھیں پھرنی
دیکھ اڑ جائے گا ایمان کا طوطا تیرا
Baaz ash hab ki ghulaami seh yeh aankheh pherni
Dekh ur jaa’e gha Imaan ka tuta tera.
Baaz ash hab – a falcon. In other words, the great Saint is able to travel through the various spiritual dimensions and Divine secrets faster than a royal falcon.
Aankhe pherni – to turn away ones attention or to give up.
Dhek – beware, pay attention.
Imaan ka tuta urna – to become faithless.
O those who refute the status of the great Saint, if you do not acknowledge his greatness and immense status, then you should say goodbye to your Imaan. (The reason is that this lofty position of the great Saint has been given to him by Almighty (azza wa jall) and that person who does not respect and accept this, has certainly challenged the Almighty (azza wa jall) to a war which obviously he would surely lose. As for those who have understood and accepted this secret, they have gained for themselves a very great status and have continued to sing the praises of the great Saint.
Even a person like Einstein has accepted that the distance to some of the galaxies are calculated in light years and it would take a person hundreds of years to travel from one to another. Yet, the great Saint looks at all of this as you look at a seed in the palm of your hand! He has declared that, “I am able to see the cities (or creation) of Allah (azza wa jall) like a small seed”. The story of Nabi Sulayman (alaihis salaam) being able to hear the conversation of the ants which appears in the Quran is proof that the special servants of Allah (azza wa jall) have certainly been given super powers indeed.
شاخ پر بیٹھ کے جڑ کاٹنے کی فکر میں ہے
کہیں نیچا نہ دکھائے تجھے شجرا تیرا
Shaakh peh beth keh jarr kaatneh ki fikr meh heh
Kay hi neecha nah dekaa deh tujhe shajra tera
Shaakh – branch.
Fikr meh – to search to analyse
Neecha dekhaa na – to become disgraced and dishonoured.
Shajr – short of shajrah. Signifies a tree and in the terminology of the Awliya, it also signifies a chain of Sufi masters.
O that person who refuses to accept the greatness of Hadrat Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu) even though you claim to belong to a spiritual order. Without doubt, this behaviour of yours will only bring you disgrace. It is sad to note that there are still people who in spite of being in some spiritual order, continue to busy themselves in lowering the great status of Hadrat Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu)! Even today, there are certain so called “peers” or so called “spiritual masters” who openly defy that the foot of the great Saint is on the neck of all the Awliya.
حق سے بد ہو کے زمانہ کا بھلا بنتا ہے
ارے میں خوب سمجھتا ہوں معمّا تیرا
Haqq seh badd ho keh zamana ka bhala banta heh.
Areh meh khub samaj tha ho mu imma tera.
Haq – Almighty Allah (azza wa jall).
Badd – bad or evil.
Zamanah ka bhala – to make oneself look good in front of people.
Areh – a words signifying disgust.
Mu imma – complicated.
O those unfortunate ones who refute the greatness of Hadrat Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu)! You wish to make yourself look good in front of people? Yet, due to your dislike and hidden enmity for the great Saint, you have already become dishonoured and disgraced. In no way, will you look respected in any era. You disguise yourself in religious clothing and yet this is your hidden evil plotting which I am well aware of. Imam Abdullah Yaafi (rehmatullah alaihi) has stated that, “Whichever unfortunate person has enmity for a Wali of Allah, it is our experience that, that person’s end, (final moment of his life), will not be good.”
The different categories of Awliya.
There are twelve categories of the Awliya whether they are visible to people or hidden from the people. They are:
- Aqtaab – In every generation throughout the world, the highest rank is called Qutub. He is also known as Qutb-e-Aalam, Qutb-e-Kubra, Qutb-e-Irshaad, Qutb-e-Madaar, Qutbul Aqtaab etc.
- Ghous – Some are of the opinion that both Qutb and Ghous refers to the same person or position. Some others have said that there is a difference in these positions. However, these positions can be found in one single person.
- Amaa maan – The Qutbul Aqtaab has two advisers or ministers. The minister on the right hand is called Abdul Malik and the one of the left side is called Abdur Rabb.
- Awtaad – They are four in total and are positioned in four different areas or dimensions. The Wali in the West is called Abdul Wadood. The Wali in the East is called Abdur Rahman. The Wali in the South is called Abdur Raheem and in the North, he is called Abdul Quddoos. The word Awtaad is the plural for the word “Watad” which signifies a nail or a spike. They are present for the stability of the universe, this is their duty. In like manner, the Almighty (azza wa jall) has also referred to the mountains as spikes which stabilizes the earth.
- Abdaal – In every one of the seven dominion, they are to be found. They are similar to seven different Prophets in outlook. They assist people spiritually and besides them, there are also three hundred and fifty other Abdaals who are present.
- Akhyaar – From the three hundred and fifty Abdaals, these seven who are called Abraar are always moving and are never at one place.
- Abraar – From these numbers also, forty of them are known as Abraar.
- Nuqaba – They are three hundred in number and all of their names are “Ali”.
- Nujaba – They are seventy in number and mostly live in Egypt or the surrounding area of Egypt. All of their names are “Hasan”.
- Amad – They are four in number and all of their names are “Muhammad”. They live in various parts of the world.
- Maktumaan – They are four thousand in number. They recognize each other but are sometimes deliberately made not to recognize their own spiritual status.
- Mufridaan – When a Qutb increases in status, he becomes a Fard and when he completes this state, he becomes a Mehboob of Allah (azza wa jall) and when he passes this status, he becomes the Ghous-e-Azam.
سگِ در قہر سے دیکھے تو بکھرتا ہے ابھی
بند بندِ بدن اے رو بہِ دنیا تیرا
Sag-e-dar khe her seh de kheh to bi ghirta heh abhi.
Band band badan ae ruba dunya tera.
Sagh-e-dar – a dog at ones door.
Bi ghir na – to disperse.
Band band badan – for the body to be shredded to pieces.
Ruba – fox.
O those who refute Hadrat Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu)! if a dog from the court of the great Saint saw your evil scheming and deceit, it would not be able to display patience and in reply, it would tear your body to pieces! The story of Shaikh Sin’aan is quiet famous where at the beginning, he refused to accept the eminent status of the great Saint and later on, he repented and sought the pardon of the great Saint because his entire spiritual state and position was taken away from him by the great Saint.
How beautiful are the titles of the great Awliya? One is called “Bahaaudeen” (a light of religion), one is called “Nizaamudeen” (a person who organizes the religion), one is called, “Moinudeen” (a helper for the religion), one is called “Fareedudeen” (a shining pearl of religion) and yet, the great Saint is called “Mohyudeen” or “the blessed one who had breathed new life into religion”.
غرض آقا سے کروں عرض کہ تیری ہے پناہ
بندہ مجبور ہے خاطر پہ ہے قبضہ تیرا
Gharz aqaa seh karon arz keh teri heh panaa
Bandah majbur heh khaatir peh heh qabzah tera
Gharz – therefore
Panaa – help
Khaatir – heart
Qabzah – control
One’s nafs and shaytaan have spread their net of misguidance everywhere, therefore O Ghous Paak! I am in dire need of your help because Almighty (azza wa jall) has made you control the hearts of the people.
The kings control the physical world, but the Awliya are the king of people’s hearts and minds. This is the reason that these kings are only in control for the short period they are in government or in power, but the Awliya are still in charge of people’s hearts and minds, hundreds of years after they have departed from this world. It is reported that once the ruler of Sanjar requested the great Saint to accept a portion of his kingdom. He replied, “If Almighty (azza wa jall) has given you this small portion, He has blessed me with a much greater kingdom. I do not even think of your kingdom as equal to even a grain of barley.
(Dawat-e-Abdiyat – Ashraf Ali Thanwi).
This same Thanwi then narrates that once someone gave the great Saint an extremely valuable mirror which was made in China. He then gave it to one of his servants and told him to look after it and when he wanted it, he would ask. One day, this same extremely expensive mirror fell from his servant’s hand and broke into pieces. When the great Saint saw this, he declared, “It is very good that something which makes you look at yourself has broken”. In other words, the great Saint is advising people on the negativity of self-conceit and creating pride in yourself.
حکم نافذ ہے تِرا خامہ تِرا سیف تری
دم میں جو چاہے کرے دور ہے شاہا تیرا
Hukm naafiz heh tera khaamah tera saif teri
Dam me jo chaa heh kareh daur heh shaa haa tera.
Naafiz – issued, enacted.
Khaamah – pen
Saif – sword
Damm me – immediately.
Daur – era, time.
O Ghous Paak! Your command is always present- through the Divine Pen and through the Sword which the Almighty (azza wa jall) has blessed you with. When you are for Allah (azza wa jall), Allah (azza wa jall) is for you.
(مَنْ کَانَ لِلّٰہِ کَانَ اللّٰہُ لَہٗ)
Whatever belongs to Allah (azza wa jall), (the control over that) has also been given to you (by the Divine Permission of Allah azza wa jall). There is no delay in you helping and assisting a person in his dire predicament. In one second, you can rectify a person’s problem and this would continue until the time of Imam Mahdi.
During the time of Ala Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) certain people objected to the second line of this couplet because in the Quran and Ahadith, it is mentioned that the hearts of people are in the Divine Control of Almighty (azza wa jall), yet, we claim that the hearts of people are also in the control of Hadrat Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu)!
However, during the time of Ala Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) a person did send this question to Ala Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) by the name of Syed Mohammed Asif and the great Mujaddid did answer the question of “Shahen Shah”.
The great Mujaddid (radi Allahu anhu) declared, “There is no doubt that the hearts of creation are in the Divine Control of Almighty (azza wa jall). In fact, every atom in creation is in His Divine Power. At the same time, it must be remembered that His Divine Power is neither restricted to anything and nor is His Blessing on anyone restricted.
The Quran clearly explains in Surah Baqarah, 148:
اِنَّ اللہَ عَلٰی کُلِّ شَیۡءٍ قَدِیۡرٌ﴿۱۴۸﴾
“No doubt, Allah has the power to do all that He wills”.
In Surah Bani Israeel, verse 20, the Quran declares:
وَمَا کَانَ عَطَـآءُ رَبِّکَ مَحْظُوۡرًا ﴿۲۰﴾
And there is no check on the bestowing of your Lord.
In Surah Hashr, verse 6, the Quran declares:
لٰکِنَّ اللہَ یُسَلِّطُ رُسُلَہٗ عَلٰی مَنۡ یَّشَآءُ
But Allah gives control to His Messenger over whomsoever He pleases.
In this context, it could also signify control over the physical being of someone, their hearing, their seeing and even their hearts. The Almighty (azza wa jall) is able to give control of these things to his beloved servants which further proves that there is no limit to His Divine Mercy and there is no limit to His Divine Mercy in giving His special servants whatsoever He wishes.
It is certainly unfortunate that people in their ignorance, restrict the Divine Mercy of the Almighty (azza wa jall) in their own ignorant manner and seem to be able to calculate the Mercy of the Almighty (azza wa jall) in their own “ignorant scientific manner”.
Every Muslim is aware that the Angels are able to instil the intent to do good in people’s heart and they are also able to instil fear in a person’s heart from doing evil! They are certainly able to do all of this with the Divine Permission of the Almighty (azza wa jall). What else is the meaning of having power over the hearts of people if it is not this?
In Surah Anfal, verse 12, the Quran declares:
اِذْ یُوۡحِیۡ رَبُّکَ اِلَی الْمَلٰٓئِکَۃِ اَنِّیۡ مَعَکُمْ فَثَبِّتُوا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا ؕ سَاُلْقِیۡ فِیۡ قُلُوۡبِ الَّذِیۡنَ کَفَرُوا الرُّعْبَ فَاضْرِبُوۡا فَوْقَ الۡاَعْنَاقِ وَاضْرِبُوۡا مِنْہُمْ کُلَّ بَنَانٍ ﴿ؕ۱۲﴾
When (O beloved Prophet) your Lord was revealing to the angles that, ‘I am with you,’ You should keep the Muslims firm. Soon I shall cast terror into the hearts of the infidels, then strike above the necks of the infidels and strike off every finger tips of them.
It is reported in “Seerat-e-Ibn Ishaaq” and “Seerat-e-ibn Hishaam” that when the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) was travelling towards Bani Qurayzah, he met a few of his companions on the way. He asked them whether they had a seen anyone passing them. They replied that they had seen Dahiyah bin Khalifah riding past. The Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) replied:
ذَاکَ جِبْرِیْلُ بُعِثَ اِلٰی بَنِیْ قُرَیْضَۃَ یُزَلْزِلُ بِھِمْ حُصُوْنَھُمْ وَیَقْذَفُ الرُّعْبَ فِیْ قُلُوْبِھِمْ۔
“That was Jibraeel Ameen who has been sent towards the Bani Qurayzah to create a tremor in their fortification and to create terror in their hearts.”
Imam Bahiqi (rehmatullah) has recorded a hadith shareef from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas (radi Allahu anhu) who narrates that the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) has declared:
اِذَا جَلَسَ الْقَاضِیْ فِیْ مَجْلِسِہٖ ھَبِطَ عَلَیْہِ مَلَکَانِ یُسَدِّدَانِہٖ وَ یُوَفِّقَانِہٖ وَ یُرْشِدَانِہٖ مَا لَمْ یَجْرِ فَاِذَا جَارَ عَرَجَا وَتَرَکَاہُ۔
“When a Qadi (or Islamic judge) sits to make a decision in a gathering, then two Angels descend to make sure that his decision is correct. They also inspire him to understand everything correctly. They educate him on the proper path (to take) and as long as he does not turn away from the truth, they remain with him. As soon as he turns away from this, they leave him and return to the heavens.”
In Daylimi Musnadul Firdous, it is narrated from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr and Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radi Allahu anhum) that the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) has declared:
لَوْ لَمْ اُبْعَثْ فِیْکُمْ لَبُعِثَ عُمَرُ اَیَّدَ اللّٰہُ عُمَرَ بِمَلَکَیٌنِ یُوَفِّقَانِہٖ وَ یُسَدِّدَانِہٖ فَاِذَا اَخْطَاَ صَرَّفَاہُ حَتّٰی یَکُوْنَ صَوَابًا۔
“If I had not been revealed to you at this moment, then without doubt Umar would have been (designated) as a Prophet. The Almighty (azza wa jall) has also chosen two Angels who have been given the power to give Umar strength and keep him correct on every decision. If there is a possibility that the decision might be incorrect, they change this until truth is revealed from Umar”.
The Angels are indeed the pure creation of Allah (azza wa jall), yet, even the shaytaan is able to instil and control the hearts and minds of people. However, the chosen servants of Allah (azza wa jall) are protected from satanic attack.
In surah Hajr, verse 42, the Quran declares:
اِنَّ عِبَادِیۡ لَیۡسَ لَکَ عَلَیۡہِمْ سُلْطٰنٌ اِلَّا مَنِ اتَّبَعَکَ مِنَ الْغَاوِیۡنَ ﴿۴۲﴾
Verily, over My bondsmen, (special servants), you have no control, save those misguided ones who follow you
In Surah Naas, verse 4, the Quran declares that:
یُوَسْوِسُ فِیۡ صُدُوۡرِ النَّاسِ ۙ﴿۵﴾ مِنَ الْجِنَّۃِ وَ النَّاسِ٪﴿۶﴾
From the evil of him who whispers evil designs in the hearts of mankind from amongst the jinn and men.
In Surah An’am, verse 102, the Quran declares that:
وَکَذٰلِکَ جَعَلْنَا لِکُلِّ نَبِیٍّ عَدُوًّا شَیٰطِیۡنَ الۡاِنۡسِ وَ الْجِنِّ یُوۡحِیۡ بَعْضُہُمْ اِلٰی بَعْضٍ زُخْرُفَ الْقَوْلِ غُرُوۡرًا ؕ
And in like manner We have made for every prophet an enemy, devils from among men and jinn, that in them one inspires the other secretly with fabricated discourse in order to deceive.
Hadrat Anas bin Maalik (radi Allahu anhu) and Hadrat Sayyidah Ummul Mo’mineen, Hafsa (radi Allahu anha) narrate that the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) has declared:
اِنَّ الشَّیْطَانَ یَجْرِیْ مِنَ الْاِنْسَانِ مَجْرَی الدَّمِ
“Without doubt, the satan is in every vein of a person and flows through him like blood.” (Bukhaari shareef, Muslim shareef, Abu Daud shareef and Ibn Maja shareef).
In the both Sahih hadith books and other manuscripts, it is reported from Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radi Allahu anhu) that the Holy Prophet has stated that, “When the Azaan is heard, the satan runs away until the sound of the Azaan cannot be heard. When the azaan is completed, he returns and when the Takbeer is read, he again runs away and only returns when the Takbeer is complete:
حَتّٰی یَخْطُوْا بَیْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَنَفْسِہٖ یَقُوْلُ اذْکُرْ کَذَا اُذکُرْ کَذَا لَمَا لَمْ یَکُنْ یَّذکُرْہٗ حَتّٰی یَظِلَّ الرَّجُلُ مَا یَدْرِیْ کَمْ صَلّٰی۔
He then becomes an obstacle in a person’s heart and whispers evil. He forces the person to think about this and that, in fact even those things which the person had never thought about. (It reaches a state where) the person forgets how many (rakah) he has performed”.
Hadrat Anas bin Maalik (radi Allahu anhu) narrates that the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam) has declared that, “Without doubt, the satan has placed his beak on the hearts of people. When a person remembers the Almighty (azza wa jall), the satan is suppressed. When a person is oblivious of this Zikr, then the satan takes the heart of the person into his mouth.”
(Bahiqi shareef and Shuhubul Imaan).
We will present a few incidents in regard to the immense control of the great Saint on people as this was the power given to him by His Creator (azza wa jall).
Mullah Ali Qari (rehmatullah alaihi) in the “Nuzhatul Qari” explains that: Hadrat Shaikh Abu Salih Maghribi (rehmatullah alaihi) narrates that, “My Murshid, namely Shaikh Abu Shuhaib Madyani (rehmatullah alaihi) once informed me, ‘O Abu Salih! travel and present yourself in front of Shaikh Abdul Qadir (radi Allahu anhu) so that he can teach you about Faqr (a certain portion of Tasawwaf)’ When I reached Baghdad shareef and presented myself in front of the great Saint, I had never seen any person who possessed so much of awe and status. The great Saint instructed me to stay in chillah (spiritual seclusion) for one hundred and forty days. After this, the great Saint approached me and asked, ‘O Abu Saleh! look in the direction of the Qibla, what do you see?’ I replied that I could see the Kaba. He then pointed towards the West and asked me what I could see. I replied that I could see my Murshid, Abu Mudyani. He then asked me whether I wished to go towards the Kaba or to my Murshid. I replied that I wished to go to my Murshid. The great Saint then asked, ‘Do you wish to travel there in one single step or in the manner in which you came?’ I replied that I wished to travel in the way I came. The great Saint replied, ‘This is better.’
He then declared to me, ‘O Abu Salih! If you desire this state of Faqr, you will not get it until you do not possess the proper step which is Tauheed and the secret of Tauheed is to remove from your heart every atom of evil or badness. The tablet of the heart should be completely clean and pure’. I then asked, ‘O my Master! I wish that you are able to create this attribute in my heart through your help and assistance.’ When he heard this, he looked at me with a special glance of great spiritual power and suddenly every atom of desire was removed from my heart like the night disappears when the day arrives. Until the present day, I am able to survive and mange with this one single powerful spiritual glance of the great Saint.’”
(Bahjatul Asraar shareef).
A brief look at the author of the masterpiece “Bahjatul Asraar”:
Imam Ajal, Hadrat Sayyidul Ulama, Shaikhul Qura, Umdatul Urafa, Nurul Millat wad Deen, Abul Hasan Ali bin Yusuf bin Jareer Ash Shafi (radi Allahu anhu) is that eminent scholar who is only separated from the great Saint by being the direct Mureed of Hadrat Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu) by two generations. He is also the teacher of Shaikhul Qura, Abul Khair, Shamsudeen Mohammed bin Al Jazari (rehmatullah alaihi) who is the author of the famous treatise entitled “Hisn-e-Haseen”. Imam Zahbi also attended his gathering and praised him in his “Tabqaat-e-Qurraa” and has also accepted him as his Imaam and has mentioned that, “Imam Ali bin Yusuf bin Jareer Noorudeen was a most eminent Imam, a masterful teacher and was the Shaikhul Qurraa in Egypt.”
Allama Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlwi (rehmatulah alaihi) in his treatise “Zubdatul Asraar” praises this great Shaikh in the following manner:
“Imam Ajal, a most qualified jurist, a masterful teacher of Islamic law and Quran namely Noorudeen Abul Hasan Ali bin Yusuf Shafi was that lucky individual (who wrote a most notable masterpiece on the great Saint) and only two generations separated him from the great Saint. Hence, he is definitely among those lucky people whom the great Saint has declared about that, “Good news for him who has seen me and for him who has seen that person who has seen me and for that person who has seen that person who has seen that person who has seen me”. In like manner, Imam Jalaaludeen Suyuti Ash Shafi (rehmatullah alaihi) has also sung the praises of this great and eminent scholar of the Ahle Sunnah wa Jamaah.
It is also in this manuscript that when Shaikh Saleh (rehamtullah alaihi) had narrated this incident, Shaikh Bazzaaz (rehmatullah alaihi) also confirmed the following: “One day I was also alone in the blessed companionship of the great Saint when he pressed his blessed hands on my chest. Suddenly a bright light appeared from my heart as brilliant as the sun. From that moment, I began to recognize the truth and until this day, that Nur continues to expand and grow”.
Shaikh Arif billah, Abul Khair, Bishr bin Mahfuz Baghdadi (rehmatullah alaihi) explains that, “My condition is such that once I was in front of the great Saint when he placed his blessed hands on my chest. Suddenly a bright light appeared from my chest and it is through this Nur until this day that I am able to deduce truth from falsehood, guidance from misguidance and before this, I did not have this power.”
The story of Shaikh Umar Shahaabudeen Suhrwardi (rehmatullah alaihi) is also quite famous whereby at one time, he used to love studying books of Kalam and when he was brought in front of the great Saint, merely by passing his hands over the chest of the young saint, he removed all of this and filled his chest with the Nur of true knowledge.
Arif billah, Sayyidi Umar Bazaaz (rehmatullah alaihi) narrates that, “In the 556 hijri on the day of Juma, I was walking with the great Saint towards the masjid. On the way, no one even greeted the great Saint. I said to myself that this is indeed very strange. Every Juma, when we travelled to the masjid because of the large crowds that greeted him and surrounded him, it was with great difficulty that we even arrived at the masjid and yet, today, no one is even greeting the great Saint. As soon as I thought about this, the great Saint looked at me and smiled and suddenly great crowds of people started to surround us to meet the great Saint. I then realised that I was left behind in this crowd and the first state was better than this state. As soon as I thought about this, the great Saint smiled, looked at me and then declared, “O Umar! This is what you had desired (in the first place). You do not know that the hearts of people are in my hands, if I so wish I can turn them towards me and if I so wish I can turn them away from me.”
جس کو للکار دے آتا ہو تو الٹا پھر جائے
جس کو چمکار لے ہر پھر کے وہ تیرا تیرا
Jis ko lal kaar do aata ho to ulta phir jaa’eh
Jis ko cham kaar leh hir phir keh wo tera tera
Lal kaar – turn away.
Cham kaar – to love.
Hir phir keh – to be helpless from all sides.
O Ghous Paak! If a person attacks you and if you turn that person away, what power does he have of coming back. And when you consider someone as your beloved, then he becomes an ardent servant of your court.
As a matter of fact when the great Saint shows affection for something, that person comes alive. When the lady complained about him eating chicken, he made the chicken come alive by merely passing his blessed hands over this chicken.
کنجیاں دل کی خدا نے تجھے دیں ایسی کر
کہ یہ سینہ ہو محبت کا خزینہ تیرا
Kun jiya dil ki Khuda neh tujhe di aysi kar.
Keh yeh seenah ho muhabbat ka khazaaenah tera.
Khun jiya – keys.
Khazee nah – treasure or wealth.
O Ghous Paak! The Almighty (azza wa jall) has given you the keys to people’s hearts. Therefore, please bless me and do me a great favour to fill my heart with the wealth of your love and respect.
The satan is a disease and illness while the Saints are the cure for this illness and disease. If you feel that the satan has captured your heart, then to release this, you need the attention of the Saints. Remember that the satan has promised the Almighty (azza wa jall) that he would try to mislead everyone but would have no power to misguide the beloved servants of the Almighty (azza wa jall). Satan also tried to misguide the great Saint when he was busy in spiritual seclusion, yet, with the Divine Help of the Almighty (azza wa jall), he was able to defeat the satan on many occasions.
The great Saint reveals that, “When I used to be in seclusion in the jungle, the satan used to appear in front of me in frightening forms and shapes. He used to also throw fireballs at me, yet, I felt immensely strong at heart. From the unseen I used to hear a voice declaring, ‘O Abdul Qadir! Awake and challenge him. We will help you. I then used to attack him and sometimes even managed to slap him. I also used to read “La hawla” with the result that he used to burst into flames’”
(Bahjatul Asraar – Qalaaidul Jawaahir).
Even the Jinns used to be amazed at the steadfastness of the great Saint. Once while lecturing to some of his students and the Ulama present on the topic of Qada and Qadr (predestination), when a very large snake fell on him from the ceiling. The people in front of him dispersed out of shock, but the great Saint remained absolutely still. The snake entered his clothes, passed around his entire body, wrapped around his neck and then sat on the floor looking at him. It then began to speak to him. When it had disappeared, the people asked him what it had said. The great Saint replied, ‘It said to me, I have indeed tested many Awliya, but have never found someone like you’ I replied, “I was speaking about Qada and Qadr and it is Qada and Qadr which has allowed a small worm like you to move. Hence, I did not move at all so that my words and actions are the same.’”
(Tabqaat-e-Kubra, Nuzhatul Khaatir, Bahjatul Asraar).
His son, Sayyiduna Hadrat Abdur Razak (radi Allahu anhu) narrates that the great Saint explained that, “One day I was performing salah in Jamia Mansuriya when a snake suddenly appeared in front me with his mouth open at the place where I was going to make Sajdah. When I went into sajdah, I moved it away with my hand. It then went around my neck and then entered through one sleeve and came out from the other. When I completed the salah, it disappeared. The next day, I entered a quite section of this mosque and saw a person whose eyes were wide and stretched open. I understood that this was a Jinn. He then said to me, ‘I am the same snake which you had seen yesterday. I have tested many Awliya, but have not found someone as great as you. There are some Awliya whom I have found that internally they were worried but externally they were strong. Some I found them to be worried both internally and externally. However, when it came to you, I found that you were not worried or disturbed both internally and externally. It then wished to make Taubah at my hands and I sought Taubah on his behalf.’”
Another of his beloved sons, Shaikh Moosa (radi Allahu anh) narrates that, “One day the great Saint was travelling through a jungle and there was nothing to eat or drink. He stayed there for a number of days. When he became desperately thirsty, a cloud appeared above his head and water appeared from this cloud through which he could quench his thirst”. This story is also famous in that a few moment later, satan appeared to him and informed him that everything had become Halaal to him which was previously Haraam. The great Saint read the Aoozu and this state also disappeared. The satan again tried to deceive him by saying that, the knowledge of the great Saint had saved him, but seeing through the evil scheme of the satan, the great Saint replied that it was not his knowledge which had saved him but the Divine Mercy of the Almighty (azza wa jall).
(Tabqaat-e-Kubra, Qalaaidul Jawaahir).
دِل پہ کندہ ہو ترا نام کہ وہ دُزدِ رجیم
الٹے ہی پاؤں پھرے دیکھ کے طغرا تیرا
Dil peh kundah ho tera naam keh wo duzd-e-rajeem
Ul teh hi paa’o phireh dehk keh toghra tera
Kundah – engraved.
Keh – so that.
Duzd – thief.
Rajeem – expelled, cursed.
Toghra – royal seal.
O Ghous Paak! If only your blessed name would be stamped on my heart so that when the cursed and expelled satan sees the royal seal with your name on it, he will immediately turn back so that I can be protected from his evil.
There is no doubt that a person can only protect himself against the satan by being attached to a Kaamil Saint because we have already come to know that the satan has no power against these beloved servants of the Almighty (azza wa jall). At the same time, we must realise that as strong as the opponent so much stronger must the medication be. What is the value of giving a mere disprin to someone who is suffering from cancer? Some saints have mentioned that, “He who does not have a Shaikh, his shaikh is the satan”.
Pre-conditions of a Shaikh or Murshid
As it is necessary to have a Shaikh or Murshid, in like manner it is necessary to make sure that the Shaikh himself has fulfilled the preconditions of being a Shaikh. As Shaikh Sa’adi (rehmatullah alaihi) has explained:
آنکہ خود گمراہ است کرا رہبری کند
“That person who is misled or deviated himself, how can he guide anyone?”
These words have been very nicely presented by a poet in which he has explained:
لباسِ خضر میں ہزاروں راہزن بھی پھرتے ہیں
اگر دنیا میں رہنا ہے تو کچھ پہچان پیدا کر
“There are hundreds of thieves who walk around dressed as Khidr.
If you wish to live on earth, then create some method of recognition”
According to the advice of the great Saint, we will present the conditions that should be seen in a Murshid or spiritual guide so that a person can save and protect himself from these religious thieves.
- The spiritual link of this person needs to be until the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam). There must be no break in between.
- The Shaikh needs to be completely within the folds of the Ahle Sunnah wa Jamaah. If not, he will sink and drown you also. At the same time, if we look at the simplicity of people in the present climate, these same so called “peers” who have nothing to do with Islam are making mureeds all around even though previous to this, they never used to make mureeds. They are merely taking advantage of simple minded people. Therefore, one has to be cautious all the time.
- The Shaikh needs to be well learned in Islam, preferably an Aalim. Otherwise, he would himself become a tool in the hands of the satan.
- He is not an open sinner and transgressor of Islamic law.
In like manner, the person who is the Sajjaadah or the representative of the Shaikh after he passes away has to have the same qualities. It does not mean that because he is the family of the Shaikh, he becomes an instant replacement. There are hundreds of examples in history where the immediate family have never become the Sajjaadah of that Shaikh or Murshid.
Certain attributes of a Sajjaadah which has been explained by the great Saint are:
- He needs to display immense kindness and respect for people around him.
- He needs to be an example of Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddique (radi Allahu anhu) in honesty and truthfulness.
- He needs to be an example of Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar (radi Allahu anhu) in propagating good and prohibiting evil.
- He needs to be an example of Hadrat Sayyiduna Uthman Ghani (radi Allahu anhu) in feeding people and staying awake at night in ibaadah.
- He needs to be an example of Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali Murtaza (radi Allahu anhu) in bravery and having Islamic knowledge.
- Completely following the Islamic law and obeying every Sunnah.
- Displaying Zuhd and piety. In other words, having control over one’s tongue and refraining from back biting.
- Not to think low of someone without any valid reason. Not to taunt or make a joke of someone in public.
- Not to be in the company of females which one is prohibited from mixing with. To refrain from pride and self-conceit.
- To remain firm on Ijmah Ummah of the Ahle Sunnah wa Jamaah.
- To adopt a simple life and not to show pomp and grandeur such as living in fancy mansions and driving fancy cars.
- To possess a full length beard. In the present time, there are dozens of so called “peers” who travel the world visiting their “mureeds” and yet they do not even have a beard. The great Saint has clearly instructed people on the keeping of a full length beard.
In his masterpiece entitled, “Ghunyatut Taalibeen” on page 33, the great Saint has presented the hadith shareef that:
کَانَ (اَبُوْ ھُرَیْرَۃَ) یَقْبِضُ عَلٰی لَحْیَتِہٖ فَمَا فَضَلَ عَنْ لَحْیَتِہٖ جَزَّہٗ
Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radi Allahu anhu) used to hold his beard with his fist and whatever was longer than this, he used to trim away.”
Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar (radi Allahu anhu) has informed us that:
خُذُوا مَا تَحْتَ الْقُبْضَۃِ
“Trim the hair of the beard which is longer than ones fist in length.”
If there is a “murshid” or “peer” who does not possess these qualities which we have outlined, then run away from that person like you would run away from a plague. This person is nothing but the right hand of satan!
What is Sufism or Tasawwaf?
It is to clean the heart of all evil and ill intent and it is based on six qualities. They are to possess the generosity of Nabi Ebrahim, the contentment of Nabi Ishaaq, the patience of Nabi Ayub, the pleading of Nabi Zakariyya, the humility of Nabi Yahya, the simplicity of Nabi Moosa, the journey of Nabi Esa (alaihi mus salaam) and the absolute humbleness of the Holy Prophet (salal laahu alaihi wa sallam).
These noble lessons can be gleamed from the masterpieces of the great Saint such as, “Ghunyatut Taalibeen, Futhu hul Ghaib, Al Fathur Rabbani wal Faizur Rahmaani, Yawaa qeetul Hakm, Jalaa’ul Khaatir fil Baatin waz Zaahir, Sirrul Asraar fi maa Yahtaaju ilai hil Abraar and Diwaan-e-Ghous Azam etc.”
If one is able to practise upon the noble teachings and advice of the great Saint, hopefully, the blessed name of the great Saint would become engrained in his heart and he will be able to protect himself against the satan. The above couplet of Sayyidi Ala Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) implies all of this which we have presented.
نزع میں، گور میں، میزاں پہ، سرِ پل پہ کہیں
نہ چھٹے ہاتھ سے دامانِ مُعَلّٰی تیرا
Naz’a me gor me mezaan peh sare pul peh kahee
Na chuteh haat seh damaan-e-mu’alla tera
Naz’a – moment of death.
Gor – grave.
Pul – the bridge over hell which leads into Jannah. Said to be sharper than a sword and thinner than a piece of hair.
Mu’alla – mighty and powerful.
O Hadrat Ghous Paak! Please allow us to clutch your blessed gown (your blessed protection) at the time of death, in the grave, on the day of Judgement, at the moment when the deeds are weighed and at the time when we are crossing over the Pul Siraat.
The great Mujaddid is also indicating to the fact that when people were saved in their graves from punishment merely by passing the door of his blessed madressah, what must the status of that person who is protected by the great Saint? It was also the habit and behaviour of eminent Mashaa’ikh of Iraq that whenever they passed by the door of the mazaar and madressah, they used to kiss the doorstep. Even the eminent Awliya used to sweep the courtyard of his complex.
When a plague broke out, the great Saint advised people to rub the grass which was found in the vicinity of his madressah on their body. He also advised people to drink the water from his madressah. All of them were protected from this plague and many gained a cure from this illness. It is also mentioned that after this, the plague never returned to Baghdad shareef during the time of the great Saint.
Once an Abdaal made a mistake and he was immediately removed from his position. He then approached the blessed court of the great Saint and pleaded his case. He also rubbed his forehead on the steps of the madressah. Suddenly a voice was heard declaring, “Go, you have been forgiven and because of the barakah of Abdul Qadir, you will be given a higher position than before. Go and given thanks to Abdul Qadir for this blessing.”
If this is the position of merely the steps of his madressah, what must be the position of the great Saint himself?
Once a group of Christian priests wanted to accept Islam and this delegation was led by a person named Sinaan. In his dream, he saw Nabi Esa (alaihis salaam) who advised him to go the blessed court of Hadrat Ghous Paak (radi Allahu anhu) and also present his salam. This person then approached the blessed court of the great Saint and standing in front of everyone he exclaimed, “I am person from Yemen and had a desire to accept Islam but also had the wish that I accept Islam at the hands of the noblest Muslim of his era. I then saw Nabi Esa (alaihis salaam) in a dream who advised me to come to Baghdad and meet Shaikh Abdul Qadir because presently in the world, he is the most supreme of Muslims”.
(Qalaaidul Jawaahir, Bahjatul Asraar, Safeenatul Awliya).
In the same manner, Shaikh Umar Al Kimaa’i (rehmatullah alaihi) narrates another incident. He narrates that, “Once, thirteen people presented themselves in front of the great Saint and informed him that they were Arab Christians and their wish was to accept Islam. Suddenly, they heard a voice declare, “Go to Baghdad shareef and accept Islam at his hands.”
دھوپ محشر کی وہ جاں سوز قیامت ہے مگر
مطمئن ہوں کہ مرے سر پہ ہے پلّا تیرا
Dhup mesher ki wo jaan sooz qiyaamat heh maghar
Mutma’in ho keh mereh sar peh he palla tera.
Hashar – day of Judgement.
Jaan-e-sooz – fire which consumes a person.
Palla- gown or foot
O Ghous Paak! There is no doubt that the intense heat on the day of judgement would kill someone. However, I have hope that (on this day) I will be protected by the shadow of your blessed being and kindness.
This day would be so intense and so full of trial and tribulation that even a friend would not recognize a friend. In the hadith shareef, it is mentioned that:
لَوْ اِنَّ عَبْدَیْنِ تَحَابَا فِیْ اللّٰہِ وَاحِدٌ فِیْ الْمَشْرِقِ وَ اٰخَرُ فِیْ الْمَغْرِبِ لَجَمَعَ اللّٰہُ بَیْنَھُمَا یَوْمَ الْقِیَامَۃِ وَیَقُوْلُ ھٰذَا الَّذِیْ کُنْتَ تُحِبُّہٗ فِیَّ۔
“When two people love and (respect) each other for the sake of Allah (azza wa jall), even though one stays in the West and one in the East or whether it be in different times, (on the day of Judgement) the Almighty (azza wa jall) will gather them together and declare, “In the world, you both used to love (and respect) each other for My sake, it is this which has gathered you together.”
Hence, we who are major sinners, have absolute certainty that we will stand at the feet of the great Saint on this momentous day and declare, “Where are we even fit to stand at the blessed feet of such a beloved servant of Allah (azza wa jall), it is merely for the sake of a little love and respect we had for you that we are in front of you today.” Ameen.
In the hadith of Bukhari shareef, it is mentioned that on the day of judgement:
اَلْمَرْءُ مَعَ مَنْ اَحَبَّ
A person will be with that person he loves.
When we also know that on this day not even a person who has given water to another will be robbed of his reward and not even a person who has assisted another with making Wudu be robbed of his reward, how will anybody be robbed of reward if they have genuine love and respect for the great Saint who is a beloved servant of Allah (azza wa jall)?
بہجت اس سر کی ہے جو ”بہجۃ الاسرار“ میں ہے
کہ فلک وار مُریدوں پہ ہے سایہ تیرا
Bah jat uss sir ki heh jo bahjatul asraar me heh
Keh falak waar mureedo peh heh saayah tera.
Bah jat- happiness or joy.
Sirr – secret
Falak waar – Like the heavens.
Bahjatul Asraar – A secret towards happiness. Also one of the most authentic books written on the great Saint.
O my Master! You have certainly declared that your blessed hand is on your mureeds as the heaven or sky is over the earth and this has been mentioned in Bahjatul Asraar. Therefore, we have complete confidence and hope that you will also protect us on the day of Judgement and while we are on this earth.
اے رضؔا چیست غم ار جملہ جہاں دشمنِ تست
کردہ ام مامنِ خود قبلہٴ حاجاتے را
Ae Raza! cheest-e-gham ar jumla jahaan dushman tust
Kar dah umm maa min-e-khud! Qibla haa jaateh ra.
This last couplet besides being a sincere plea to the great Saint, also indicates to us the brilliance of Sayyidi Ala Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu). The entire manqabat was written in urdu, but the last couplet is written in Persian. At the same time, you must also remember that at the end of every couplet, Ala Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) also used the word “tera” and this would not fit in the Persian language. Hence, in his brilliance, he uses the word “qibla ha jaateh raa” as the final word. Now if we look at the last four syllables of this Persian word, it would be “Te yeh raa and alif” which would also make it “tera”! Therefore, even though this is Persian, it would fit into the entire Urdu manqabat of the great Saint.