Download PDF: Interesting Facts from Hanafi Fiqh – Episode #3

  • Ones whose Imaan is intact from amongst the children of the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him and his household and all the companions – Allah Almighty will not hold them accountable for their shortfalls, regardless of however their actions were.

It is expected of Allah’s Mercy that He will not hold the Aale Rasool that had Imaan, accountable for their sins at all.  It is in mentioned in the Hadeeth:

اِنَّ فَاطِمَۃَ اَحْصَنَتْ فَرْجَھَا فَحَرَّمَھَا اللّٰہُ وَ ذُرِّیَّتَھَا عَلَی النَّارِ

Indeed Fatimah protected her dignity, therefore Allah Almighty has forbidden the fire upon her and her entire bloodline.

(Tabraani in his Kabeer)

(Fatawa Razvia Vol. 9, p. 118)

  • Migration from a place, where practicing the essentials of Islam is not possible, is Obligatory.

When a sane, mature Muslim is restricted from practicing Islam due to any circumstances so much so that he cannot manage to even perform his Fard duties then he should migrate from such place to another place.  It is Obligatory.  If the problem lies in the house then one must change the house, if it’s the district then change the district, and if the problem lies in the town then relocate to another town.

Allah Almighty states:

اِنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ تَوَفّٰىہُمُ الْمَلٰٓئِکَۃُ ظَالِمِیۡۤ اَنْفُسِہِمْ قَالُوۡا فِیۡمَ کُنۡتُمْ ؕ قَالُوۡا کُنَّا مُسْتَضْعَفِیۡنَ فِی الۡاَرْضِ ؕ قَالُوۡۤا اَلَمْ تَکُنْ اَرْضُ اللہِ وٰسِعَۃً فَتُہَاجِرُوۡا فِیۡہَا ؕ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ مَاۡوٰىہُمْ جَہَنَّمُ ؕ وَسَآءَتْ مَصِیۡرًا ﴿ۙ۹۷﴾

Those whose souls are taken out by angels while they were wronging themselves the angels say to them, ‘what were you in’? They say ‘We were weak in the land.’ they say ‘Was not Allah’s earth spacious so that you might have emigrated in it? Then the abode of such people is Hell. And an evil returning place is that.

(Al-Nisa 4, Verse 97)

It is mentioned in Tafseer Madaarik Al-Tanzeel under the abovementioned verse:

“This verse denotes that when it becomes impossible for one to perform his religious duties freely in his town as they should be and he feels that he can make it in another town then it’s Obligatory for him to migrate to the other town.  It is mentioned in the Hadeeth as follows:

“Whoso flees and migrates to a place from his for the sake of his religion; even if the distance is a span, paradise is incumbent upon him and he will be the neighbor of his great grandfather Hazrat Ibraheem – peace be upon him – and his Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him.”

(Madaarik Al-Tanzeel, Vol. 1, p. 286)

If someone is unable to do so due to some obstructions then he will be exempted.  Allah Almighty states:

اِلَّا الْمُسْتَضْعَفِیۡنَ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَآءِ وَالْوِلْدٰنِ لَا یَسْتَطِیۡعُوۡنَ حِیۡلَۃً وَّلَا یَہۡتَدُوۡنَ سَبِیۡلًا ﴿ۙ۹۸﴾

Except those who are suppressed, men and women and children who are unable to devise a plan or of finding any way.
فَاُولٰٓئِکَ عَسَی اللہُ اَنۡ یَّعْفُوَ عَنْہُمْ ؕ وَکَانَ اللہُ عَفُوًّا غَفُوۡرًا ﴿۹۹﴾

Then it is likelihood that as for such Allah will pardon. And Allah is Pardoning, Forgiving.

(Al-Nisa 4, Verse 98-99)

  • The water used in washing the feet of the new bride is a means of blessings.

Alahazrat writes:

“When the bride enters the house for the first time after wedding it is commendable to take the water that is used in washing her feet and sprinkle in all four corners of the house.  It is a means of blessings.”

(Fatawa Razvia Vol. 2, p. 595)

  • There is no such thing as “contagious disease” in Islam.

Hazrat Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrates that the Messenger of Allah – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – states:

“No disease is contagious.”

(Bukhari – Kitaab Al-Tibb)

Hazrat Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – also narrates the following from the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – that He stated:

“No disease is contagious.”  A Bedouin stood up and said, “O Allah’s Messenger!  What is your opinion regarding the camels that lie in sand like deer and when an itchy camel comes and mingles with them, they become itchy.”  Hearing this, Allah’s Messenger – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – said, “Then who passed it on to the first one?”

(Bukhari – Kitaab Al-Tibb)

  • There are seven types of kuffaar.

Firstly, they are divided into two categories:

  1. Fundamental kaafir
  2. Murtad

Definition of a Fundamental kafir:

One who has always been a kafir and rejected Islam.

Definition of a Murtad kafir:

One who turned to kufr after reciting the Kalimah of Islam and becoming a Muslim.

Each are further divided into two:

  1. Open fundamental kafir
  2. Hypocritical fundamental kafir
  3. Open murtad kafir
  4. Hypocritical murtad kafir
  1. The definition of an Open fundamental kafir

One who rejects the Kalimah openly:

They are of four types:

  1. Atheists

The ones who reject the existence of Allah.

  1. Mushrik or Polytheist:

Ones that believe in someone else (besides Allah) to be worthy of worship or necessarily existing; like hindus, idol-worshippers, for although they do not consider the idols as a necessary being but they do worship them, and Aariya, for although they do not consider the soul as worthy of worship but they believe in them to be permanently existing and uncreated.

  1. Fire-worshippers:

Ones that worship the fire.

  1. The people of book:

I.e. the jews and Christians, provided that they have not become Atheists.

Note: The Qurbani of the first three of them is considered as dead (not lawfully slaughtered i.e. Haraam) and Nikah with them is null and void while the Nikah (of a Muslim man with a Kitaabiyah woman) with the fourth type will be considered effective although it’s impermissible and a sin to do so.

  1. Hypocritical fundamental kafir

One who reads Kalimah to show but rejects it in his heart.  They are the worst kind of all in the hereafter.

  1. Open murtad kafir

One who was a Muslim and then openly turned away from Islam and rejected the Kalimah of Islam, regardless of whether he became an Atheist, Mushrik, fire-worshipper or a jew or Christian.

  1. Hypocritical murtad kafir

One who reads Kalimah and regards himself a Muslim but he also shows disrespect towards Allah Almighty, the Holy Prophet – may Allah send peace and blessings upon him – or any other Prophet – peace be upon them, or he rejects any of the necessary articles of Islam (Islamic beliefs etc.).

They are the worst type of murtad in the world, for although tax cannot be taken from them but they are unworthy of making Nikah with anyone; be it a Muslim or a murtad that falls under his definition, whomever he will marry it will be an absolute adultery irrespective of it being a male or a female murtad, the ruling is same.

(Fatawa Razvia Vol. 14, p. 327)