Download PDF: shariah update for fasting

Q:- What is the Shariah ruling regarding the fasts of Ramadan?

A:- Ramadan is Fard on every sane person, having attained puberty both male and female Muslims. (Fatawat ‘Aalamgiri, Vol. 1, p. 194)


Q:- What is the definition of fasting?

A:- In Shariah terminology, fasting is the self-abstention of a Muslim from eating, drinking and having sex deliberately from dawn till sunset with the intention of worship.

(Fatawa Hindiyah, Vol. 1, p. 194)

Q:- Are there grades of fasts?

A:- Yes, there  are three grades of fasts:

  1. The fasts of common people, that they forbid their stomach and private parts from eating, drinking and having sex.
  2. The fasts of the chosen ones (servants of Allah); for they forbid their ears, eyes, tongue, hands and feet and all their body-parts from sinning.
  3. The fasts of the unique among the chosen ones, for they form their connection with Allah alone by absolutely cutting off their links with everything else besides Allah.

(Al-Jawharah Al-Nayyirah, Kitaab-al-Sawm, p. 175)


Q:- Is the use of tooth paste allowed whilst fasting?

A:- Yes, it is when one is sure enough that no particle of it will proceed into the throat, but it’s Makrooh to use without a Shar’i need as it’s mentioned in Durr-al-Mukhtaar:

It’s Makrooh to taste or chew on anything without an excuse. (p. 416)

(Majmu’a Fatawa Markazi Darul Ifta p. 203)

Q:- Does inhaling the scent perfume or flowers, applying perfume, Surma, oil, Vaseline or any other cream, henna, shaving off the beard or head or the private parts, clipping nails of fingers and toes, massage with oil or using Miswaak whilst fasting break one’s fast?

A:- No. All these things are allowed.

(Majmu’a Fatawa Markazi Darul Ifta p. 358)


Q:- What about using inhaler and balm or spraying into the nostrils whilst fasting?

A:- It’s Makrooh, but it does not break one’s fast provided that its substance does not reach the brain.

(Majmu’a Fatawa Markazi Darul Ifta p. 360)


Q:- If one goes for an operation of hernia, appendix or his eyes whilst fasting, is his fast still valid?

A:- There is no harm if it does not cause weakness, and if one thinks that the chances of him getting weaker are more, that he will not be able to fast, then it’s not allowed to go for the operation.  It is mentioned in Durr-al-Mukhtaar, p. 420:

لَایَجُوْزُ اَنْ یَعْمَلَ عَمَلًا یَصِلُ بِہٖ اِلَی الضُّعْفِ

It’s disallowed for one to perform such a task which will cause him weakness.

Moreover, if the medicine enters into one’s stomach during the operation of hernia, it will break his fast.

(Majmu’a Fatawa Markazi Darul Ifta p. 359, 364)


Q:- Is it allowed to put drops into one’s nose whilst fasting?

A:- It’s disallowed and breaks the fast.

 (Majmu’a Fatawa Markazi Darul Ifta p. 364)


Q:- What about putting drops or oil into one’s ears whilst fasting, especially when the modern biology science has proven this fact by research that there is no hole or pipe in the ears going towards the stomach?

A:- It’s disallowed to put any medicine or oil into ears whilst fasting, and if one does it, his fast is broken and the Qadha of that fast becomes obligatory on him, but not its expiation.  Furthermore, in Shariah, the modern scientific researches that are contrary to the fundamentals of Shariah, are not acceptable, but the statements of the Imams, (may Allah shower mercy upon them all) that are the inheritors of the Noble Prophets (peace be upon Them All) and the protectors of Shariah, are reliable.

(Majmu’a Fatawa Markazi Darul Ifta p. 363, 364)


Q:- What is the Shariah ruling if one takes an injection in his vein or flesh?  Will it break one’s fast?

A:- No.  Although, it’s Makrooh to take an injection whilst fasting.

(Majmu’a Fatawa Markazi Darul Ifta p. 359)


Q:- What is the ruling regarding donating blood whilst fasting to a patient who is in a state of constraint?

A:- Donating blood is forbidden be it at any occasion, and even worse whilst fasting if there is a fear of one getting weak, although donating blood whilst fasting will not break the fast, hence, it is mentioned in Hadeeth:

اَلْفَطْرُ مِمَّا دَخَلَ وَلَیْسَ مِمَّاخَرَجَ

The breaking of fast is from what enters; not from what exits.


(Majmu’a Fatawa Markazi Darul Ifta p. 362)


Q:- What does the Shariah state regarding taking intravenous glucose drops whilst fasting, especially when one’s hunger goes away because of it?

A:- There is no harm if one is in the state of constraint, otherwise it’s Makrooh, and the fast does not break because of it even if the hunger goes away.

(Majmu’a Fatawa Markazi Darul Ifta p. 362, 363)

Q:- What is the ruling if one kisses (a dry kiss), hugs or touches his wife’s body (just touching literally)?  Moreover, does it break one’s fast if he happens to ejaculate during this process?

A:- Kissing, hugging or touching the wife’s body if it’s not by way of copulation but there is a fear of ejaculation, then it’s Makrooh; but if one is confident that he will not ejaculate there is no harm.  If it’s done by way of copulation, then it’s absolutely Makrooh whether there is a fear of ejaculation or not.  If one happens to ejaculate during this process, it will undoubtedly break his fast and he ought to make Qadha of that fast; he will not be liable for expiation (Kaffaarah).

(Majmu’a Fatawa Markazi Darul Ifta p. 370, 371)


Q:- What is the Shariah ruling about putting eye-drop in one’s eyes who is fasting?

A:- There is no harm in doing so.

(Majmu’a Fatawa Markazi Darul Ifta p. 371)


Q:- What is the Shariah ruling regarding the one who needs to have his tooth removed whilst fasting?

A:- There is no harm in it provided that great care is taken into consideration that no drop of blood reaches the throat.

(Majmu’a Fatawa Markazi Darul Ifta p. 371)


Q:- Is it advisable to force the children, who have not reached the age of puberty, to fast?

A:- When a child turns seven years old, the guardians should advise him/her to fast, and they ought to enforce it upon them when they become 10 years old.

(Fatawa Razvia, Vol. 2, page 344)


Q:- When should the following Du’a be recited; before opening the fast, or afterwards?

لَکَ صُمْتُ وَبِکَ اٰمَنْتُ وَعَلَیْکَ تَوَکَّلتُ وَعَلٰی رِزْقِکَ اَفْطَرْتُاَللّٰھُمَّ

A:- Generally, it has been observed that the Du’a is recited before opening fast and then Iftaar, but this method is against Sunnah.  It is Sunnah to firstly have a date or drink water and then read the Du’a.  If you look at the (meaning of) Du’a it will be clear:

O Allah, I fasted for You, and I believed in You, and I had trust in You, and I opened fast with Your sustenance. (All in past tense….think)

(Fatawa Razvia)


Q:- If one cries and the tears enter the mouth and he/she swallowed it with the saliva, did the fast break?

A:- Not if it was one or two drops, but if it was so much that its saltiness was felt in the whole mouth, it will break the fast.

(Al-Bahr Al-Raa’iq, Vol. 2, p. 273)


Q:- Is it allowed to eat Iftaar prepared by a non-Muslim? Will they be rewarded for it?

A:- There is no harm in eating the things cooked by them (except non-veg).  As far as the reward is concerned, they are not to receive any.  Allah Almighty states:

وَمَا لَہٗ فِی الۡاٰخِرَۃِ مِنْ خَلٰقٍ

There is no share for him in the Hereafter.


(Fatawa Europe, p. 300)


Q:- Is it appropriate for a woman to take pills to put her menstruation cycle on hold so that she may keep all the fasts of Ramadan?

A:- If a woman cannot keep all fasts of Ramadan due to her period, they are not answerable to Allah for it, for this is the way Allah Almighty has made their destiny.  Since, the contraceptive pills have a bad effect on the womb; therefore they should abstain from it.

(Fatawa Europe, p. 312)


Q:- When is a pregnant woman or a woman who is breast-feeding allowed to abandon fasting?

A:- When there is a fear of death for either one or both.

(‘Aalamgiri, Vol. 1, p. 207)

Q:- Does it break one’s fast if he, who is fasting, buys something, tasting which is necessary, that if he does not taste it, it will cause him a loss?

A:- No, it does not.  There is no harm if one, who is fasting, buys something tasting which is necessary that if he does not taste, it will cause him a loss, or else, it is Makrooh.

(Al-Durr Al-Mukhtaar, Vol. 3, p. 453)

Note:  “To taste” at this point, is not as same as we generally utilize and understand it i.e. eating a bit of something to find out its taste.  It will rather break the fast, let alone making it Makrooh.  “To taste” at this point, means to grasp an idea of the taste of something just by merely placing it onto the tongue and then spitting it out so that none of its essence proceeds towards the throat.

(Bahaare Shariat, Vol. 5)